Causes Of Type Two Diabetes

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Type two diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Its clinical name is diabetes mellitus, formerly known as adult-onset diabetes. In type two diabetes the body’s insulin is slowed by the pancreas after long periods of high glucose levels. Type one diabetes is insulin dependent and is when the body makes inadequate insulin supply. Whereas type two diabetes is when the body builds up resistance to the insulin being produced by the body. Diabetes mellitus is caused by a deficiency of the pancreatic hormone called insulin. Insulin metabolizes starch and sugar, for a while the pancreas will produce more insulin to handle the demands of the increase sugar intake. However, after a long period of time when blood glucose levels increase the pancreas …show more content…
Another factor that makes someone susceptible is his or her race or ethnicity. American Indians, African Americans, and also Hispanics are more likely to see a doctor about their concerns. Another risk factor includes a Body Mass Index that is over 25. As you age your chance to develop type two diabetes rises. Being overweight or having a more sedimentary lifestyle also plays into effect when discussing the risk factors for type two diabetes. Women who had gestational diabetes when pregnant also increase their risk to develop type two diabetes later on in …show more content…
Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to blindness. This can be caused by the accumulation of high blood glucose levels in the blood making the eyes swell, which will change one’s sight. Not only does diabetes affect the eyes, it also affects the blood vessels, nervous system, cardiovascular system, and skin. Excessive blood glucose levels in the body will damage neurons and blood vessels when exposed long term. Diabetes affects the heart and the vessels and valves that help with the cardiovascular rhythm. Diabetics most commonly experience high blood pressure along with their diagnosis of diabetes. Later on, they may experience heart disease. The skin, which performs as an outer layer of protection for the body, will begin to be cracked or dry. Also in the feet, diabetics will most commonly experience what is known as diabetic nerve pain. This may feel as if pins and needles are puncturing the feet. A person who is diagnosed with diabetes must be very wary of sores or other injuries. Wounds may be slow to heal and the scar that is formed will often turn a dark or purple-like color. Feet and joint problems often occur as well since most type two diabetics are often overweight. This excess weight puts more stress on the joints and feet than it would in a person will a healthy

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