Causes Of The Fragile Peace In Korea

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On the 25th June the fragile peace in Korea was shattered when North Korean troops crossed the 38th parallel, invading South Korea and ultimately leading to a conflict that would span three years and cost an estimated 2.5 million lives. Korea had been liberated from Japanese control in 1945 by Soviet troops who moved down into the north of the country and US troops who landed in the south. After this the country was divided along the 38th parallel of latitude until the country could be reunited following new elections. There were arguments, however, over which sort of government should shape the future of Korea: the USSR, as a communist state, sought a government that would be sympathetic to communism, while the USA wished for a regime that …show more content…
This convinced him to give Kim permission to invade the South, a year after Kim had travelled to Moscow seeking Stalin 's support, under the condition that Chairman Mao of China would send reinforcements if required. Initially the USSR were reluctant to get involved in a war in Korea as they wished to avoid confrontation with the USA at all costs, however there were advantages for the Soviets in aiding the North Koreans. North Korea had minerals, hydo-electricity and warm-water ports that the Soviets sought. There are also numerous reasons why the Soviet Union would have elected to get involved in Korea. One explanation is that Stalin may have wanted control over all of Korea as the US already had Japan in its sphere. Another convincing reason is that Stalin may have wished to take Korea to prevent the US from having a base of attack so close to the Soviet …show more content…
They sent aid to North Korea, including both medical aid and military aid. They equipped both the North Korean and Chinese armies with weapons such as the PPSh-41, a type of Soviet submachine gun, and T-34/85 tanks which were of great importance during the first attacks as no US armour or anti-tank rockets could penetrate their armour. The Soviets also aided the Chinese air force when the war took to the skies. To begin with they did not actively engage in any air warfare, simply supplied them with Soviet MiG 15 fighter planes and trained Chinese pilots, however Stalin quickly grew frustrated with the quality and lack of Chinese pilots and decided to send Soviet pilots to join them in April 1951. These Soviet pilots were dressed in Chinese uniforms and flew planes with either Chinese or North Korean

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