Causes Of The Crusades

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From about 1095 to about 1290, a series of religious wars broke out to recapture the holy land from Islamic control. Christians referred to them as the “Holy crusades”; otherwise known as the crusades to historians. In November of 1095, the first Crusade began in response to Pope Urban II urging Christians to take back their Holy Land of Palestine out of the control of the Muslim Turks. This was the start of what would become known as the Crusades. After the first crusade, many more occurred as well. The Third Crusade resulted from the Muslim ruler Saladin’s efforts to recapture Jerusalem from the crusaders. He was unable to defeat the armies led by England’s King Richard I, thus, causing the loss of much of the land he had initially conquered. …show more content…
The last few crusades were attempts to gain ground in the Holy Land now mostly controlled by Muslim rulers. These last ditch efforts were unsuccessful, especially after the fall of Acre, the capital of the Crusaders in the Holy Land. The fall of Acre ended the crusades in the Holy Land (Crusades). Over the course of the crusades, many people lost their life on and off the battlefield. It was much more than just the fight over control of the Holy Land; other reasons included taking back control of other Christian lands, protecting the churches power, the feudal instinct to fight, and gaining political or territorial advantage. There were various motivations that sparked the beginning and continuation of the Crusades. For Christians, a pilgrimage to the Holy City of Jerusalem was a great religious undertaking. When Jerusalem fell under new control in the eleventh century, about 3000 Christian pilgrims were persecuted and killed. This prompted Christians to take an even more pious journey to rescue this scared spot. A common motivation for the Christian people to fight to take back the Holy Land was the promise of forgiveness of sins and everlasting life. Many Christians and Jewish …show more content…
To the Christian people, the Jews never accepted the Christian ways and the Christian people blamed the Jews for “his murder and for preventing his messianic successes ever after by refusing to believe in him” (BOOK). Rumors about the Jews surfaced and led many Christians to believe that the Jewish people were bad and had to be destroyed. During the first crusade, the Crusaders targeted three cities that were occupying by Jews on their way to Jerusalem. These Jewish communities were well-known and flourishing under Muslim rule. The Christians were angry and decided to kill off the Jews that did not agree to convert over to Christianity. The Christian people looked at it as if they were just getting rid of their enemies. The angry Crusaders stormed into these cities and death started to fall among the Jews, “hundreds were slaughtered and property was burned and looted,” and no Jew amongst them was safe (Jewish History). Most of the Jews refused to convert to Christianity; therefore, they were killed alongside their family and friends. By the end of the second crusade, the future of the Jewish people was very bleak. Anti-Semitism continued to grow as the crusades continued. After the Christians under King Louis IX of France were losing at the end of the third crusade, all Jewish people were forced to leave France and were not able to live there for many years thereafter. This crusades were a very dark time in Jewish

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