Causes Of The Compromise Of 1850

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Compromise of 1850
The Compromise of 1850 was first presented by Henry Clay. It consisted of five major parts: admitting California as a free state, the question of slavery in the territories would be resolved with popular sovereignty, ending the slave trade in D.C., enforcing stricter fugitive slave laws, and the Texas-New Mexico border would be fixed. When introduced, the bill was attacked by John C. Calhoun, who demanded that the North end its efforts to limit slavery. The debates continued and divided those in support and opposed to slavery, but the omnibus bill was still defeated by the Senate. Later, Senator Stephen A. Douglas and a group of newer, younger men decided to split the bill into individual proposals, so each congressmen
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This event was caused by the division of the North and South over slavery in the territories gained the the Mexican American War. Issues like California’s statehood, the need for stricter laws for returning slaves back to the South, and the issue of the territories acquired from the War were all causes of the Compromise, as they all needed to be resolved. Other compromises has been offered, like the Wilmot Proviso, which wanted to abolish slavery in all of the territory gained from the War, but it was unable to be put into law. Because no compromise had been agreed upon, a successful one highly desired. The Compromise of 1850 was created and debated, and eventually won. The effects of this was that California was admitted as a free state, popular sovereignty would be used in the other land acquired from the War, D.C. had to end the slave trade, stricter fugitive slave laws were established, and the border of Texas and New Mexico was …show more content…
Sandford decision was that by ruling that Congress or the territorial legislatures had no privilege to pass a law depriving a man of their slave property in a territory, they ruled that the Missouri Compromise has always been unconstitutional. Taney’s majority opinion also stated that slaves were property, which was a defeat for the antislavery movement. The case made slavery legal in all parts of the country, and was even protected by the Constitution. The only way to change this was through the addition of an amendment stating otherwise, but because there would need to be ¾ approval for that to happen, the chances of this changing were slim. Slavery was now legal everywhere, overruling the Missouri Compromise and also making the ideas of free soil and popular sovereignty

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