Essay on Causes Of Latin American Independence Movement

1355 Words Feb 6th, 2016 6 Pages
Chap. 24, 1: Discuss the causes of the Latin American independence movement. The independence movement of the Latin American colonies was heavily influenced by European Enlightenment ideas and the successful revolutions in America and France. Latin American social structure was critically important to the jobs and respect a person received, and it was based primarily on place of birth. With the Spanish-born peninsulares at the top, resentment among the Latin America natives was common. Peninsulares formed only a small portion of the population, but they were the only people who could hold the highest offices in the Spanish colonial government. Beneath them were the creoles, Spanish people born in Latin America. Though they could not hold the highest offices in government, they could rise significantly in the Spanish colonial armies. The peninsulares and the creoles combined controlled land, wealth, and power in Spain 's Latin American colonies. However, the majority of the Latin American population consisted of mestizos (mixed European and Indian ancestry), mulattos (mixed European and African ancestry), enslaved Africans, and Indians. The success of the Americans in their revolution encouraged Latin American territories to begin fighting for their own freedom. Saint Domingue, a French colony, was the first Latin American territory to gain its freedom from European oppression. Saint Domingue, now known as Haiti and located on the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean Sea,…

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