Causes Of Imperialism

During the 1880s, a demand for overseas territory took place. Territories of Asia and Africa were taken up quickly as a result of the new imperialism. If these territories were in such demand what were some of the causes of the imperialism? One of the causes of imperialism was the growing nation-states and nationalism. A new interest to gain colonies became about as European affairs grew tense. These new colonies were important to own because of ports and coaling stations that were nearby and also for protection from other countries. In addition to the growing states, imperialism was closely linked to nationalism. Nationalism gave rise to patriotic fervor that was used to gain interest in imperialism. Patriotic fervor was seen in schools that …show more content…
Social Darwinism believed that the fit survived when nations struggle. Racism was linked to social Darwinism because superior races must dominate within or in other terms inferior raced by use of force to prove to them, who is fit. Imperialism also saw religious motives, in which moral responsibility was used to civilize ignorant people, and economic motive. The economic motive began when a great demand for natural resources took an effect. Materials, such as rubber, oil, and tin were not found in the Western countries. Instead of trading materials, areas that contained these materials were taken in direct control. The surplus and wealth that was received established economic imperialism. Economic imperialism led to investors investing in business that were profitable. Imperialism was connected to the capitalism system as was argued by followers of Karl Marx. In the views of one of Karl’s followers, the only way to cure imperialism was to abolish …show more content…
In 1875, 11 percent of Africa was controlled by Europeans and in 1902, 90 percent controlled the continent. The increase in European’s on the continent, was a result of a land grab. The new imperialism affected the Europeans because their military strength and industrial technology grew. First to be established on Africa was the British, who controlled the town of Cape Town in South Africa. The British’s expansion in Africa continued when the British governor of Cape Colony seized the Transvaal. Nonetheless, British policy was organized and determined by Cecil Rhodes. Initially, Rhodes wanted to create British colonies that ran from “the cape to Cairo,” however he resigned as prime minister after he wanted to overthrow the Boer government. However, the conquering of African states was obtained by the following countries: Great Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Spain, and Portugal. France conquered much of northwest part of Africa; Italy had taken control of Libya and Eritrea; Great Britain conquered Egypt, Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, Northern and Southern Rhodesia, Bechuanaland, South Africa, Somaliland, Nigeria, Gold Coast, Gambia, and Sierra Leone; Spain took control of Riode Oro, Morocco, and French Equatorial Africa; Germany had Togoland, German East Africa, and German Southwest Africa; Portugal had Angola and Mozambique; Belgium gained control of Belgian Congo;

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