Causes Of Imperialism In Africa

1293 Words 6 Pages
Imperialism can be defined as the extension of a nation’s power over other lands. European countries desperately wanted to take over colonies in Africa since it provided them with a lot of benefits. Great Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Spain and Portugal all placed almost all regions of Africa under their rule (Spielvogel and McTighe 231). European powers were iFn constant rivalries because each of them wanted the continent to their advantage. As these conflicts started to rise, Portugal called for the Berlin Conference of 1884, which was organized by Otto Von Bismarck, to peacefully divide up the continent of Africa (Spielvogel and Mctighe 233-234). There were many reasons behind colonization. The most significant was that Europeans …show more content…
A new group of leaders, who wanted to introduce Western ideas, originated in the society. These intellects wanted a newly formed society, but they resented the Europeans because of their attitude towards the natives (Spielvogel and McTighe 236). Document 5 states how European men killed African men, deluded African women and exploited African children without mercy (Document 5). The white men did not care about these people. They looked upon them as if Europeans were superior. These foreigners promised to introduce equality, freedom and democracy, but denied the Africans almost all of these rights. Africans thought of colonization as losing their farmlands and working in factories implemented by the Europeans instead of a way to change society for the better. In Document 10, it is stated that Africans will do anything to fight back. They will stand up for their rights because they refuse to agree to these changes in society. Africans will follow through with this conflict for as long as it takes (Document 10). These atrocious conditions gave rise to African nationalism. As Europeans destroyed homes and people’s lives, native people became more unified and determined to stop the oppression. The new educated class came to find appreciation for Western culture and were determined to establish their own cultures and traditions in it. Indigenous people in …show more content…
Europeans built roads, canals, railways, schools and achieved industrialization. This modernization in society led to better sanitation and easier ways of transportation. Europe changed Africa by building schools to shape minds and educate the Africans who did not have opportunities. By introducing education, they spread the Imperialist country’s language and religion. Schooling also taught people about agriculture and employment to teach them about the work that most of them will be doing later on in life. Document 1 shows how Europe gave civilizations technology, such as newspapers, provided means of transportation and increased trade to benefit the economy (Document 1). Europe industrialized its colonies in Africa for capital and westernization. In document 7, the use of a vice is illustrated (Document 7). This type of machinery printed newspapers, articles and books for the public. Technology such as this was enforced, thus modernizing the civilization. A major change that Imperialism brought to Africa was the advancement of its economy. Europe used natural resources of Africa to trade with other countries, and in return, African people were able to acquire manufactured goods from other countries. This earned Africa and Europe capital and increased trade. As the use of the Nile River flourished the economy, Europeans desired to create a canal to connect the Mediterranean and the Red Sea in Egypt. A

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