Causes Of French And Indian Wars

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French and Indian wars were four wars fought one after another in North America between 1689 and 1763. The wars were fought between France and England, which became part of Britain during the second war. Spain, at times, sided with the French. All fought with the support of Indian allies. In the end, France lost nearly all its land in North America. Britain gained most of the French territory, and Spain acquired the rest.

Battle of Monongahela

Location of Acadia

Causes of the French and Indian wars. In 1689, England's colonies in North America lay along the Atlantic coast. Spain controlled Florida. French settlements lay to the north and west, from what are now Maine and Nova Scotia to the St. Lawrence River Valley. France also had
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It was also a result of continuing Indian resistance to New England’s expansion. Spain joined France against the English. The war began in the winter of 1704, when the French and their Indian allies raided the New England frontier, devastating Deerfield, Massachusetts. The English attacked Acadia in 1704 and again in 1707. Also in 1707, England became part of Britain, now the United Kingdom (see United Kingdom, History of the). In 1710, Britain seized Port-Royal. In the South, the British and their Indian allies devastated the settlements of Spain’s Indian allies, forcing many captured Indians into slavery. They also took the town of St. Augustine, but they did not take the settlement’s fort and had to withdraw. Spanish and French forces attacked Charleston, South Carolina, but they failed to capture the …show more content…
Virginia’s lieutenant governor, Robert Dinwiddie, sent 21-year-old Lieutenant Colonel George Washington to demand that the French abandon their new forts and return to Canada. But the French refused. In 1754, Washington led a small band of colonial troops to force the French to withdraw. A French and Indian force defeated Washington at Fort Necessity, in one of the first battles of the French and Indian War. Meanwhile, representatives of seven of the British colonies met in Albany, New York, to plan further military action (see Albany Congress).

The First Battle of Fort Duquesne during the French and Indian War

French successes. In 1755, General Edward Braddock led a band of British and colonial soldiers, including George Washington, against Fort Duquesne. A French and Indian force ambushed them shortly before they reached the fort, killing Braddock and many of his men. Washington led the survivors to safety.

The British also failed to take Crown Point or Fort Niagara. But they succeeded in seizing Forts Beauséjour and Gaspereau on the western edge of Nova Scotia. They then expelled the French Acadians and opened their lands to British settlement.

In 1756, the Marquis de Montcalm took charge of the French forces in North America and captured Britain's Fort Oswego. The next year, the French and their Indian allies destroyed Fort William Henry.

Battle of Quebec,

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