Causes Of France In The French Revolution

1151 Words 5 Pages
A stable and prosperous society contains two important factors: one ere the citizens have consent of the governed and a good economic structure. These two factors were important to France before the revolution. France did not have a stable and prosperous society because there was an unfair taxation within the social classes and because the citizens did not have a voice were they can speak out about their needs. The French society was divided into three different estates: the first, second, and third estate. The first and second estates were pretty much made out of the clergy and nobility, while the third estate consisted of merchants, peasants, and businessmen. The first and second estate did not have to pay taxes. The third estate had to …show more content…
The National Convention tried to make France a stable and prosperous society by giving all men the right to vote. They created the committee of public safety. It was made up of 12 members and they had absolute power, which they used to try to save the revolution. Since the country was threatened by many other countries trying to put an end to their revolution, the committee forced military draft for all French males. Everyone had to pay so that they can contribute to the war effort. The committee was in charge of executing anyone who they felt did not support the revolution, or wanted to bring back the monarchy. Maximilien Robespierre was a lawyer and a politician who created the reign of terror. The reign of terror lasted from 1793-1794. Robespierre felt that the only way to win the revolution is to kill inner and outer enemy forces. He would behead everyone who he thought was against the revolution. About 17,000 people were executed during the reign of terror. The national convention turned on the committee of public safety and they arrested Robespierre. He was executed the next day. After Robespierre died and the reign of terror was gone, there was a significant drop in executions. Napoleon tried to make France a more stable and prosperous society by strengthening the central government. He controlled prices, encouraged new industry, and built roads and canals. He opened up public schools under …show more content…
These were important because when they didn 't have fair taxation, the third estate had to pay for all the taxes, while the first and second estate didn 't have to pay for any taxes. This put a huge dent in the economic structure of France because they were in huge debt, and instead of everyone being taxes fairly, the King raised taxes which made the people of France mad, thus, leading to the revolution. Consent of the governed played a major roll during the revolution because they did not have it before the outbreak. Before the revolution started, many people felt that they didn 't have a voice to share their opinion or be heard. Even during the revolution, consent of the governed was barely evident. Even though people could speak out about their opinion, many did not do so because they feared that they would be executed or sentenced to jail if they were found suspect of being against the revolution. These two factors affect the stability and prosperity of the United States of America because everyone is treated equal before the law, and because everyone can have their opinions heard. Without these two factors, the United States of America would not be a stable

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