Causes Of European Imperialism In Africa

1757 Words 8 Pages
As European countries began to believe that imperial expansion was crucial to the survival of their countries, they set out to find more nations that would benefit them in the long run. European powers were always in need of more resources and in search of new markets. European Imperialism in India and Africa was sparked by the desire for profit. Europe’s interest in Africa, though, was specific to acquiring natural resources to fuel their factories and industries, whilst their interest in India was specific to creating a potential market. Advanced weaponry had evoked emotion upon Indians and Africans, allowing for imperialism to progress. The British East India Company made imperialism in India possible by gaining the trust of local rulers …show more content…
In any case where European nations, Great Britain in this case, was on the verge of economic depression, there was a back up plan, which included the continual use of Africa and India’s resources for more profit. Essentially, Great Britain believed that it could serve her own interests by acquiring the natural resources of their imperialized regions to boost the economic status of Britain. Therefore, the motive for European imperialism in Africa strongly resembles that of India’s; both being caused by a desire for profit. Just as the British East India Company’s rule was terminated, the British took over and were intent on turning India into a market. Along with India supplying Britain with raw materials like cotton and opium, India served as a major outlet for British overseas investment and manufactured goods. For instance, Great Britain set up ports in India, which was a major contribution to Britain’s sea power, resulting in economic gains (Adas and Stearns 10). Despite Britain’s growing interest in Africa and India, Britain viewed India as the “brightest jewel” in the crown of their empire, showing just how valuable India’s …show more content…
Because Great Britain viewed India as a valuable connection in comparison to Africa, it was established as a market to boost trade efforts whereas Africa’s raw materials was simply used to ignite their factories. While Africa was imperialized through political means and forcefully taking away land, India was imperialized because Britain intervened in disputes amongst the Indian princes. And if these means did not work, Africans and Asians were overwhelmed by the power that Europeans possessed, enough to stand down. Great Britain had used fear emitted from their advanced weaponry to complete control of imperialism. Africans and Indians were intimidated enough to allow imperialism. Despite the varying measures that Europeans went to for Africa and India, the similarity between the imperialism of both exists to a great extent. Because Europe was significantly more advanced and develop than Africa and India, European imperialism was not too difficult to achieve. Truth be told, if Africa and India were caught up with countries like Great Britain, European imperialism could easily have been avoided. Because European powers were so advanced, they were able to influence countries like India and Africa to alter their way of life. However, India had benefited greatly from Western-styled ideas whereas Africa did not. Despite responding differently to the changes Western countries brought, making

Related Documents