Causes Of Drug Addiction Essay

762 Words 4 Pages
Addiction disease that affects the brain and actually reshapes and rewires the brain. Relapse will occur a couple times before recovery begins. Alcoholics and addicts were treated very unfairly and were denied treatment. The important neurotransmitters that are involved are dopamine, serotonin, GABA and glutamate. Alcoholism, over a long term period, can shrink the brain and lower the metabolism. Hallucinogens can alter change the levels of serotonin released into the brain. Opiates can damage the opiate receptors. No matter the type of drug, the addict will have an alteration of their brain structure. The process of addiction is the rewiring of the brain, it involves the limbic system being overrun by the surge of dopamine levels. In order …show more content…
In this sense, the drug will increasingly become dependent on survival. The brain then becomes permanently altered by damaged neurotransmitters and decreased levels of dopamine. Addiction is common for people with mental illnesses. One causes the other; the addiction can’t be treated without co-treatment of the depression (thus inducing relapse or continued use) and vice versa. Co-occurring disorders cause constant craving, drug seeking behavior in order to maintain stimulation of pleasure throughout the brain. Anyone can be vulnerable to addiction, however genes can be involved with susceptibility to addiction. Addiction is often hereditary. Craving is the brain’s response to cues (visual images, small amounts of the reward, or negative effects). There is hope for stopping craving with research with and the introduction of anti-craving …show more content…
Factors such as alcoholic parents, negative environment, little to no parental supervision, abuse, rejection and mental illness lead to a high chance of developing an addiction. For children, the manifestation of addiction can start with stressful situations growing up, parental negligence, as well as who they’re around affects them and the disease of addiction. A person’s past largely plays into how addiction will affect them. Cultural involvement as well can influence addiction such as drinking after work to relieve stress, taking drugs with friends on trips as means of celebration or even rushing a frat that causes applicants to drink large amounts of alcohol to determine if they’re worthy. There are new methods of recovery that are being created/have been invented within the past twenty years or so that help reduce addiction and begin recovery. New medication that suppresses cravings/ withdrawal symptoms and behavioral therapy as well as combined medication are available to addicts who want to begin recovery. Relapse can occur under high stress, when cues are constant, negative/positive moods, small amounts of the drugs and/or even times of celebration. Brain image research is being conducted to help understand how relapse happens/when it occurs and how it affects the relationship between the limbic system and the prefrontal

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