Causes Of Corruption In China
As the Communist Party of China (CCP) evolves towards economic liberalization, it faces new challenges concerning corruption. Currently, China is aware of the spread of corruption into politics, economy and society. Its impact and consequences threatens the legitimacy of the Communist Party rule and the country 's stability.
The spread of corruption across all spheres in China can be understood from its background rooted in Confucianism. From this doctrine, guanxi plays an influential role in the social behavior between the state and economics. Personal connections or guanxi have been the mechanism of the communist party to control the society. Thus the entrenched guanxi within the CCP and the lack of institutionalization have worsened corruption. Guanxi practices are also ingrained in the social behavior. During the economic transition, the lack of market mechanisms obliged the civil public the use guanxi practices to meet their needs. Currently, the rampant corruption besides affecting the economic and social framework, it diminishes the …show more content…
Corruption, from the "public-office-centered" or "public-interested-centered" frameworks, is described as the "abuse of public roles/resources by office-holders for private benefit" (Sun 2001). These frameworks fail to address the unique Chinese social, cultural and economic characteristics that influence corrupt behavior. In the same way, the definition of corruption, emitted by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), remains incomplete despite the addition of abuse of private power (Quah 2014). This inclusion refers to the economic system in China, where "private" business is managed by state officials. This, and the fact that he Chinese business culture is based on gift-giving practices represents a conceptualization