Darfur Conflict Analysis

3443 Words 14 Pages
“Conflict in Sudan” Mohannad A. Shaddad

Introduction:

The protracted conflict in Sudan reflects the long standing economic disparities, political exclusion and social and cultural deprivation in the distribution of political and economic power between the centre and the peripheries. The country inherited from colonialism a highly centralized authoritarian governance system and an uneven pattern of regional development. These structural elements shaped the later evolution of the modern Sudanese state and contributed to the marginalization of the peripheries, especially in the South. Both factors are mutually reinforcing, since in authoritarian
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Some tribes believe that the government was not able to defend them against other tribes and armed criminal gangs who have more sophisticated weapons, which led several nomadic tribes to form their own defense groups

Darfur conflict has been categorized as an inter-communal conflict for generations. However, in the eighties the conflict in Darfur became more vicious and many of them acquired an ethnic dimension, between the Arabs and non-Arab (African) identity groups .

The Fur is the largest ethnic group in Darfur; they are farmers and depend on agriculture. The second largest tribe in this group, the Zaghawa, is mostly nomadic with some sects of the tribe practicing farming. The Zaghawa also exist in Chad, Libya and the Central African Republic. The Arabic tribes in Darfur are mostly Nomadic. Not all Arabic tribes were involved in the conflict, notably the largest Arabic tribe, the Rezegat. Likewise, not all African tribes were involved; in fact some African groups, like the Gimir, were victims of the conflict
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The organization most active, which attributed to him most military operations and its military wing (SLA) headed by the front Sudanese lawyer, a young (Abdel Wahed Mohamed el-Nur) and most of the commanders in the ranks of the movement were former officers in forces Chadian and Sudanese, talking political statements of the Movement for the marginalization hit the province of Darfur and the exclusion of children from the power-sharing, lack of basic services, where, as criticizing the dominance of the so-called (Central Nile) on the fortunes of the Sudan, and calling for autonomy expanded, and the rebuilding of Sudan on new basis, says that the brutal repression and ethnic cleansing, backed by the regimes ruling in Khartoum, leaving the people of Darfur without any option but to resort armed

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