Metabolic Alkalosis

Good Essays
Keeping our body’s pH balance in check is always important this because proper body function can happen and we remain healthy. If your blood pH were to drop below 7.35 you would develop a condition called acidosis. Then depending on the cause of this acidosis whether it be the kidneys or the lungs would determine the kind of acidosis. If it is the kidneys causing the acidosis we would call it a metabolic acidosis, where is if it were the lungs it would be called a respiratory acidosis. Know if your blood pH for some reason would be above 7.35 you would be considered alkalosis. The cause of this would also be either the kidneys which this condition is called metabolic alkalosis and if it were the lungs it would called a respiratory alkalosis. Metabolic acidosis occurs when your blood pH drops below 7.35 therefor making your blood acidic. When this condition is present your CO2 levels could be normal but your kidneys are not production …show more content…
That is below the normal range and therefore is called respiratory alkalosis and can be caused by a couple of different reasons. Those reasons include hyperventilating maybe because of anxiety, a stroke, or high altitude. If you are having an anxiety attack you tend to breath more rapidly and therefore are breathing out more and decreasing the amount of CO2 in your body. Since the lungs are the cause of this condition the kidneys will help out again by reabsorbing more HCO3 and increasing the amount of H+ excreted. Treatments for this condition include breathing in and out of a brown paper bag because that air is CO2 rich (Tortora, 2013). This pH imbalance could be seen in older age patients because they are more likely to have strokes due to their aging body. Many elderly people also have breathing issues and that could be why their CO2 levels are high and that could also be why you see more elderly people on

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Henderson’s PCO2 is elevated. Under normal conditions, what would be the PRIMARY mechanism that his body would use to reduce the amount of PCO2 in the blood? Why is this mechanism not working in this case? Primary mechanism Mr. Henderson should use to reduce the amount of pCO2 in his blood would be to take fast deep breathes. In his case this would prove to be difficult due to the strain from the hemothorax on his respiratory system .…

    • 624 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    As you can see from Table 1, we even had one of our daphnia specimens die from the heart rate slowing down too much, most likely. It was expected that caffeine would raise the heart rate even more than it did. Our results indicate that the heart rate only went up a very small margin of 2%. This reason was not significantly higher than its base rate could be that the daphnia was stressed from already having other chemicals given to it. It also could have been stressed from the beginning due to being squished by the petri dish cover and this would have given us a higher baseline heart rate to begin…

    • 1193 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    If the process continues for a long period of time, it can throw off the pH of the blood and cause the blood to become very acidic (O’keefe). Another cause of metabolic acidosis is lactic acid buildup due to anaerobic respiration. Dysfunctional kidneys can also cause metabolic acidosis as they are unable to filter out acid from the blood when fluids are excreted. Lastly hyperchloremic acidosis can also cause high levels of acid in the blood as problems within the body cause a lack of bicarbonate production. Bicarbonate therapy may be used to treat metabolic acidosis because bicarbonate can serve as a buffer in the blood system.…

    • 1978 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The blood has a specific type of buffer that is maintained at pH level of 7.4. If the buffers shifts and levels of pH go to 7 or 7.8, it can be deadly. The blood buffer contains carbonic acid which dissociates into bicarbonate acid and hydrogen ions. This equation can also be reversed; it is a chemical equilibrium. If the hydrogen ions rise, bicarbonate accepts the hydrogen ions and the equilibrium shifts left thus making the blood acidic.…

    • 1276 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Once nicotine is in your system, it regularly increases your blood sugar, lowers cholesterol, tightens and weakens blood vessels, and stretches arteries. Smokers tend to get blood clots easier than those who choose not to smoke. Once you become addicted smokers are more prone to blood cancer which is also known as leukemia. Your digestive system controls the decomposition of what you put into your body, as it digests the food you take in then converting it to energy for your entire body. “Smokers have a higher risk of kidney cancer as well as pancreatic cancer due to tooth decay.” (“The effects of Smoking on the Body”) Smokers tend to pick up diabetes at a faster rate than nonsmokers.…

    • 1569 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    This occurs when there is excess fluid in the plural cavity. The plural cavity is the thin, fluid filled space that surrounds the lungs and prevents friction rub and cushion. One of the main causes of pleural effusion is congestive heart failure. This occurs as a result of an increase in pulmonary capillary pressure, which in turn increased the interstitial fluid in the lung. Most often the heart failure that causes pleural effusions are related to right side heart failure, but can also be bilateral failure.…

    • 1162 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    We have also discussed that the kidney and lungs play a vital part in maintaining homeostasis. The elderly or aged individuals are more likely to develop kidney lung problems/diseases which will make this age group more likely to develop a pH imbalance. When the aged develop kidney and/or lung diseases the medical treatments such as diuretic can also cause an imbalanced homeostasis. One must remember that the elderly has approximately forty-five percent water within the body while adults have sixty-five percent and infants have up to seventy-three percent. While the elderly already having less water within the body which will make the kidney and lungs work harder, and then adding diseases to the equation only paints a picture of problems for the body to maintain homeostasis (Frassetto,…

    • 1838 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The byproduct of this conversion are ketone acids. Normally small amounts of ketone acids can be taken care of by the kidneys and the liver, however a large concentration can lower the body's PH level, in essence create an hyper acidic condition in the body. What causes it? As stated in the beginning paragraph, Diabetic Ketoacidosis is from the cells lack of ability to convert sugar to energy, forcing it to look elsewhere for an energy source. The cell instead converts fatty acids to energy.…

    • 422 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Lifestyle factors such as coffee consumption, alcohol intake, lack of exercise and smoking are all things that are very important causes of elevated blood pressure (Whitney & Sizer, 2003). The long term effects of caffeine consumption on blood pressure have not yet been clearly determined. Alcohol produces acute hypertension in some patients by the increased adrenaline secretion. Chronic alcohol consumption is one of the strongest predictors of blood pressure. Cigarette smoking is a factor contributing to hypertension.…

    • 1783 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Diabetes is one of the risks. Most people who are overweight usually have type two diabetes because it deals with their blood sugar and their body cannot break it down. Asthma is when people have a hard time breathing because of exercise. If you have asthma you have to use an inhaler. An inhaler is a drug that is breathed is to help relieve congestion in the chest.…

    • 1041 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays