Causes And Treatment Of Periodontal Disease Essay

1814 Words Sep 12th, 2016 8 Pages
Introduction
Periodontal disease refers to any form of pathologic inflammation of the tissues that surround the teeth and it is considered one of the most common causes of teeth loss on adults in United States. According to a recent report from CDC (Control Disease Center), 47.2% of adults aged 30 years and older have some form of periodontal disease. There are two general categories of periodontal diseases, and their classification is based on whether there is attachment or bone loss involved in the clinical findings. Furthermore, periodontal disease can be gingivitis if no attachment loss or periodontitis if the gingival attachment moved from its healthy position which is coronal to cementum-enamel-junction(CEJ). Gingivitis refers to inflammation of the gum tissue which is reversible bacterial infection limited to the gingiva, where no signs of permanent tissue damage is present (Darby, 2015). It is important to note that some forms of gingivitis may lead to periodontitis, but others may progress from acute gingivitis to chronic gingivitis.
Periodontitis is considered a serious chronic infection involving destruction of the biological structures that surrounds the teeth, including gingiva, bone, tooth root, and/or periodontal fibers. The severity of the disease depends mainly on the host reaction to the pathologic bacterias; then, the amount and type of bacterias that colonize the dental biofilm depends on systemic and local factors coexisting on individual 's body.…

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