Causes And Symptoms Of Sleep Disorder

1027 Words 5 Pages
Nightmare Disorder is a chronic sleep disorder. This disorder causes frequent nightmares and can lead to a fear of sleeping. Bad dreams are considered nightmares when they cause the person to wake up. About five percent of the population is affected by Nightmare Disorder. Either gender can be affected; neither is more prone to the disorder. Since this disorder is very broad, there are many different causes and symptoms. The DSM, Diagnostic and Statistic Manual for Mental Disorders, is used to classify the different disorders’ symptoms by relevancy. The DSM is updated every so often to incorporate new information (JBRF). According to the DSM IV, Nightmare Disorder is classified as repeated awakenings from sleep, rapid alertness after awakening, …show more content…
Recurring dreams that jolt the body awake can be a symptom of Nightmare Disorder. Moaning, moving, talking, or flailing during sleep may be a sign of a disturbing dream. Anxiety, fear, sweating, or rapid heartbeat may occur after awakening from a nightmare. People may be able to vividly remember their dreams. Anxiety or fear of sleep may develop. Weakness, irritability, little focus, drowsiness, and depression may occur during the day (regionalcenter). A doctor should be contacted when the dreams occur frequently or persistently, sleep is routinely disrupted, or behavior problems are a problem during the day …show more content…
An elderly man went to the doctor after striking his wife in his sleep. She awakened him, and he remembered punching an attacker in his dream. The man had a history of sleeping and yelling in his sleep, but he had no history of gasping in his sleep. He had no history of depression or a family history of sleep disorders. The doctor discovered a shuffling gait, a resting tremor, and some cognitive rigidity. A sleep study was performed and no sleep apnea was present, but there was a marked increase in muscle tone in REM sleep. After further investigation, it was found that the nightmares were caused by Parkinson’s Disease (Vorona). As previously stated, Nightmare Disorder can be brought on by traumatic events or accidents. Many people throughout history who experienced traumatic events have began to experience nightmares. A Holocaust survivor had experienced cold sweats and a rapid heartbeat along with a terrifying, reoccurring dream about being in a concentration camp. He could not get back to sleep due to a fear of witnessing the dream again

Related Documents