Signs And Symptoms Of Breast Cancer

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Breast Cancers are malignant life threatening tumors that form in the cells of the breast. Cancer is a result of abnormal changes in the genes responsible for healthy and growing cells. When referring to the breast, the cancer usually begins in the lobules cell (milk-producing glands) and over time if untreated, will advance in stages causing the cancer to spread through the body and eventually kill you. Breast cancer can occur in men and women but more commonly occurring in women, accounting for one of every three diagnosis in the United States (“Breast Cancer”). Causes and risk factors for Breast Cancer both tie in together under the same category. Causes can differ from the environment you live in to the hereditary genes from your parents. …show more content…
Many of the signs and symptoms of Breast Cancer may include: a breast lump or thickening that feels different from surrounding tissue, bloody discharge from the nipple, changes in the skin over the breast, change in the size, shape, appearance of the breast, a newly inverted nipple, and redness or pitting of the skin over the breast (“Breast Cancer”). If any of these signs or symptoms could be occurring to you or a loved one it is essential to communicate with a healthcare provider and schedule an appointment immediately for an evaluation. Once scheduled in your appointment. The next step in the process would be to get tested and screened. To get diagnosed by a physician, many test and procedures can be performed but not all are necessary. These test and procedures consist of blood tests, mammograms, breast MRI’s, bone scans, computerized tomography (CT) scans, and positron emission tomography (PET) scans (“Breast Cancer”). Using these methods to determine the staging of Breast Cancer will give the patient a clarification on their stance with the disease and help with any questions and worries that come forward. While dealing with doubts and fears about this disease, it is critical to also be informed on how to treat and cop with Breast …show more content…
There’s the surgical aspect, the therapeutic aspect, and the medicine aspect. To surgically treat Breast Cancer, a lumpectomy (tumor removal), a mastectomy (whole breast removal), a sentinel node biopsy (removal of lymph nodes, and a contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (removal of both breasts) can be performed but not all are necessary. The therapeutic treatment consist of Chemotherapy, Radiation Therapy, and Hormone Therapy which directly target the cancer and can have side effects like hair loss and weight loss. When involving medicine, Herceptin (targets excess protein), Perjeta (for metastatic cancer), Kadcyla (cell killing drug), and Tykerb (drug for advance stage cancer) are what get offered to a patient. When offering this treatment, the goal is to treat the disease and prevent Breast Cancer from returning which is essential for a better and longer

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