Causes And Effects Of Eating Disorders

1985 Words 8 Pages
Eating disorders are defined as a unhealthy relationship with food that may negatively affect a person 's physical and mental health. People with eating disorders most commonly focus too much on their weight, body shape, and food they are eating. They focus on their weight so they do not become obese. The focus of the body shape is so they feel more confident with themselves and feel more attractive. When they say the focus on food intake, they are referring to the amount of food, the calories, and the fats in the foods that may increase their weight. Eating disorders become dangerous when it affects the person 's everyday life. Other effects are harming the heart, the digestive system, bones, teeth, mouth, and can lead to other diseases. Eating …show more content…
Genetics are a factor because certain people may inherit certain genes that increase the risk. Studies have shown if a first-degree relative, meaning siblings or parents, are diagnosed with eating disorders the person might be more likely to develop eating disorders. Depending on a person 's emotional and psychological state, it also could be a cause. If a person has low self-esteem, they may feel if they have the “perfect body” they will be happier and more accepted. Social factors are a big cause of eating disorders. The media has painted a picture for women to be thin and men to be muscular, but not everyone can achieve that picture. Athletes, actors and actresses may be at a higher risk of developing an eating disorder because they are known for having a perfect body. There are many ideas on what the cause may be but researchers have not determined a single …show more content…
Biological factors are a genetic tendency toward sensitivity, perfectionism, and perseverance. Researchers aren’t sure which gene is responsible for these biological factors. Psychological factors include using food to gain a sense of control, low self-esteem, and anxiety. Peer pressure is a psychological factor because society tells us thinness and physical appearance are equal to beauty. Physical factors include changes in hormones that control the appetite, thinking, and memory. Researchers don’t know the exact cause of anorexia but they think it has to do with biological, psychological, and physical

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