Causes And Effects Of Down Syndrome

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Normally a child inherits 46 chromosomes from their parents, 23 from each parent. An abnormal cell division in early embryo development can cause Down syndrome also called Downs Syndrome named from John Langdon Down, an English Physician, who wrote about it in 1866.

A child born with this defect has an extra or abnormal chromosome 21.this changes the way the body and brain develops, and depends on the type of down syndrome and how may cell shave an abnormal chromosome 21.

Experts believe that changes often occur before conception in the woman’s egg and less of ten in the sperm. The type of Down syndrome called trans-location could be passed down through families.

Children with Down syndrome can have fifty different features not everyone
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Babies may be later in growth and development for example, rolling over, sitting, standing, walking, and talking. In children, health problems and developmental disabilities may lead to behavioral problems. Teens may face social difficulties and vulnerabilities. They may have a difficult time handling strong emotions and feelings, this can lead to depression and mental health problems. "Down Syndrome - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment - from WebMD." WebMD. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2015.

There are three types of Down syndrome. Trisomy 21 is the cause of about ninety-five percent of Down syndrome; this is cause by abnormal cell division during development of the egg or sperm cell. Mosaic down syndrome is a rare form of Down syndrome. Some children have some cells with an extra copy of chromosome 21.this mosaic of normal and abnormal cells is caused by abnormal cells is caused by abnormal cell division after the egg is
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Not every area of development is affected equally. Specific patterns of cognitive and behavioral features observed among Down syndrome children that differs from normally developed children is the intellectual disability.

Social functions of babies and children with Down syndrome are less delayed as other areas of development. Babies look at faces and smile only about one week later than usual. They are usually quite sociable. Babies enjoy making good use of non-verbal skills.

Most adults and children continue to develop good social skills and behavior though a significant minority develop difficult behaviors particularly those with delayed speech and language skills.

Those with Down syndrome learn better when they can see things illustrated. This suggests that teaching would be more effective with the use of pictures, gestures, or objects many can learn reading skills in advance of what is expected.

Motor skills develop at a lower rate than those with Down syndrome, those delays reduce baby’s opportunities to explore and learn. This may also impact the development of language skills most children with Down syndrome struggle with the basic math skills and are typically two years behind others of their

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