A child born with this defect has an extra or abnormal chromosome 21.this changes the way the body and brain develops, and depends on the type of down syndrome and how may cell shave an abnormal chromosome 21.
Experts believe that changes often occur before conception in the woman’s egg and less of ten in the sperm. The type of Down syndrome called trans-location could be passed down through families.
Children with Down syndrome can have fifty different features not everyone …show more content…
Babies may be later in growth and development for example, rolling over, sitting, standing, walking, and talking. In children, health problems and developmental disabilities may lead to behavioral problems. Teens may face social difficulties and vulnerabilities. They may have a difficult time handling strong emotions and feelings, this can lead to depression and mental health problems. http://www.webmd.com/children/tc/down-syndrome-topic-overview "Down Syndrome - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment - from WebMD." WebMD. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2015.
There are three types of Down syndrome. Trisomy 21 is the cause of about ninety-five percent of Down syndrome; this is cause by abnormal cell division during development of the egg or sperm cell. Mosaic down syndrome is a rare form of Down syndrome. Some children have some cells with an extra copy of chromosome 21.this mosaic of normal and abnormal cells is caused by abnormal cells is caused by abnormal cell division after the egg is …show more content…
By the age of thirty-five the chances are one in three hundred and fifty. By forty the chances are one in one hundred and at forty-five the risk is one in thirty percent of giving birth to a baby with Down syndrome.
Having a child with Down syndrome will increase the odds of one in one hundred of having another child with Down syndrome. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/down-syndrome/basics/causes/con-20020948 "Down Syndrome Causes - Mayo Clinic." Mayo Clinic. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2015.
Children with Down syndrome usually learn and progress more slowly than other children. Not every area of development is affected equally. Specific patterns of cognitive and behavioral features observed among Down syndrome children that differs from normally developed children is the intellectual disability.
Social functions of babies and children with Down syndrome are less delayed as other areas of development. Babies look at faces and smile only about one week later than usual. They are usually quite sociable. Babies enjoy making good use of non-verbal