Causes And Consequences Of Zika Virus

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ZIKA VIRUS
Zika virus is center of an ongoing pandemic and public health emergency with serious medical and economic consequences. (Plourde and Bloch, 2016). Zika virus belongs to the family of flavivirus which includes other mosquitoborn viruses like chikungunya virus, dengue virus, yellow fever virus and West Nile virus (Plourde and Bloch, 2016). Zika virus is transmitted to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito (Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus), other Aedes spp implicated in Zika virus infecetion, include Ae. Africanus and Ae. Hensilli. (Plourde and Bloch, 2016). “Aedes mosquitoes usually bite during the day, peaking during early morning and late afternoon/evening”. (WHO, 2016). Warm tropical and subtropical region is conducive to the spread and transmission of Zika virus.(Plourde and Bloch, 2016) “Commonly reported symptoms of Zika virus infection (when they occur) include rash, fever, muscle and joint pain, fatigue,. These symptoms can last for 2-7 days (WHO, 2016)
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Also, outbreaks have occurred in, Chile in 2014, French Polynesia 2012-2014, New Caledonia, Cook Islands and, most recently, the Americas. Zika virus was first reported in May 2015 in continental South America in Brazil, where ≈440,000–1,300,000 persons have subsequently been infected (as of February 16, 2016). Furthermore, 29 other countries in the Americas have reported Zika virus transmission, including Puerto Rico and US Virgin Islands .There has been reported cases of Zika virus disease in United States. According to CDC, cases reported between Jan 2015 to August 24 2016 include the

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