Essay on Causes and Consequences of the 1905 Russian Revolution

685 Words Apr 22nd, 2013 3 Pages
Causes and Consequences of the 1905 Russian Revolution

The Revolution of 1905 was the first time the Tsar had faced opposition from so many groups in Russian society at the same time.

A long-term social and economic cause of the 1905 Revolution was the continuing anger of both peasants and landowners to the emancipation of the serfs 1861. Although this piece of legislation had brought an end to serfdom, peasants still remained tied to the village commune (mir) and were angry at the redemption payments they were expected to pay in return for the land they had received. They believed more, and better quality, land should have been given to them at no cost. Their anger was shown during the peasant disturbances of 1902. The
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It had been hoped that the war would lead to a growth in national pride and support for the Tsarist regime but Russia underestimated the Japanese forces and the difficulties in organising their own forces. It was inconceivable to the Russian people that Japan would defeat Russia. But when they were defeated it was humiliating and many Russians lost faith is the Tsar.

Arguably, the most significant short-term cause of the 1905 Revolution was Bloody Sunday. On 22 January a crowd of unarmed demonstrators led by a priest called Father Gapon gathered outside the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg to present the Tsar with a petition. Their demands included shorter working hours and a minimum wage. Armed Cossack soldiers turned on the demonstrators and many men, women and children were killed. The event shocked the Russian population and was followed by strikes.

A short term consequence of the 1905 revolution was the October Manifesto. The manifesto was issued by Tsar Nicholas II The October Manifesto addressed the unrest throughout the Russian Empire and pledged to grant basic civil liberties, including personal immunity; and freedom of assembly, association, press, religion, and speech. As the Duma was only a consultative body, many Russians felt that this reform did not go far enough. Leon Trotsky and other revolutionaries denounced the plan.

A long term consequence of the 1905 Russian revolution was the revision of the fundamental laws which transformed the

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