Cause and Spread of Infection Essay

688 Words Jan 16th, 2013 3 Pages
Cause and spread of infection

1.1. Identify the differences between bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites
All 4 are different types of pathogens
Bacteria is a single celled organism that multiply by themselves. They lives within and on most living and nonliving things. The majority of bacteria’s are harmless and beneficial to the human body but some can cause infectious diseases. A bacterium usually affects one part of the body and doesn’t spread across or through the body. Bacterial infections are normally treated with a cause of antibiotics.
Viruses: are made up of genes and proteins that spread throughout the body by invading the body’s own cells so they can reproduce and multiply in the body. They use the body’s cells as a
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Bacteria and viruses which can cause disease and infections
Colonisation is when microorganisms live on or in a host organism but do not invade tissues or cause damage

1.4 Explain what is meant by “systemic infection” and “localised infection”
A “localised infection” is an infection that is limited to a specific body part or region of the body
A systemic infection is when the infection is spread throughout body and affects a number of different organs and tissues

1.5 Identify poor practices that may lead to the spread of infection

• Not wearing provided personal protective clothing when dealing with personal care and bodily fluids
• Not changing PPE clothing in-between dealing with service user’s personal care.
• By walking out in to corridors in PPE clothing whilst in the middle of deal with personal care.
• Not washing hands correctly
• Not disposing of solid and wet pads in the correct manner.
.2.1 conditions needed for growth of microorganisms
Temperature this will be between 8-63 degrees cc this is also called the danger area as bacteria multiply very fast.
You will also need food for the bacteria or parasites for feed on.
Moisture is another key important fact that will make growth easier
Time is another important areas as more time made available as other conditions remain constant makes it easy.

2.2 and 2.4 Infective agents enter the body through open skin, wounds, saliva, blood exchange, oral areas

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