Cause And Effects Of The Opium War

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In 1840 the Qing dynasty was in control of the Chinese government. China was threatened by the British and Western Barbarians. This resulted in what is known as the Opium War. The British government was exporting Opium to China. Chinese citizens were getting addicted to opium and eventually the Chinese government stopped opium import from Great Britain. This hurt the British economy and resulted in a war between the two countries. At the end of the Opium War China was forced to give up land and be colonized by western civilizations. The Opium War and influence of Western powers led to The self-strengthening movement. China adopted Western military techniques and began to build a foundation of Chinese culture. A direct result of the self-strengthening …show more content…
The communist party retreated and this was known as the Long March. The communist party continued to gain influence. This lead to an event known as the Xi’an incident. CKS was kidnapped by Zhang Xueliang. CKS was then forced to agree to not attack the CCP. The Xi’an incident helped establish the Second United Front. The two parties came together in an effort to fight Japan. In 1937 Japan began a full scale war against China. This war was known as the Second Sino-Japanese War. After the war, the CCP gained popularity. On October 1st 1949, Mao Proclaimed the People’s Republic of …show more content…
The first campaign was the Hundred Flowers period. This was a period where the Chinese government allowed criticism from citizens. However in 1957, Mao started the anti-rightists campaign; which put an end to allowed criticism. Mao used this to identify about 300,000 rightists’ government and send them to labor camps or sent them to be executed. This was another example of Mao trying to eliminate opposition. The second major campaign was the Great Leap Forward. This campaign set up impossible goals for Chinese society to reach. The campaign also started a commune agriculture system. This new system promoted the philosophy, “from each according to his ability to each according to his need”. This philosophy made for no incentive to work hard. This was a major fail on the part of the CCP and led to the Three Lean Years. The Three Lean Years was a famine in China that caused a reported 8 million people to die. The third campaign was the Socialist Education Movement. Mao’s goal from this movement was to correct unhealthy opportunistic and capitalist tendencies in society. Mao sent Cadres to the rural area to educate peasants and correct poor tendencies. The final campaign was The Cultural Revolution. Mao supported this movement to regain his authority. Students were unhappy about the government and began to wear red bands, these people were known as Red Guards. Because of the support from Mao, students began to feel like Mao was a victim

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