Cause And Effects Of The Great Depression Essay

1006 Words 5 Pages
Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution early in the nineteenth century the United States ad experienced recessions or panics at least every twenty years. But none was as severe or lasted as long as the Great Depression. …show more content…
More than 28 million shares changed hands in frantic trading. Overextended investors, suddenly finding themselves in heavily in debt, began selling their stocks. Many found that no one would buy anything at any price. Overnight, stock values fell from a peak value of 87 billion dollars to 55 billion dollars.
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<br>The crash was felt far beyond the trading floors. Speculators who borrowed money from the banks to buy their stocks could not repay the loans because they could not sell stocks. This caused many banks to fail. Since bank deposits were uninsured before the 1930s depositors' their money, which in many cases was all that many people had. The stock market crash intensified the course of the Great Depression in many ways. Besides wiping out the savings of thousands, it hurt commercial banks that had invested heavily in corporate stocks. It also caused a loss of confidence in the market prolonging the depression.
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<br>The downturn began slowly and almost unnoticeably. After 1927, consumer spending declined and housing construction slowed. Inventories piled up, and in1928 and 1929 manufacturers began to cut back on production and lay off
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The war battered international economy functioned only as long as American banks exported enough capital to allow European countries to repay their debts and to continue to buy American goods. As U.S. companies began to cut back production, they also cut back their purchases of raw materials and supplies from abroad and as a result many European economies collapsed. American financiers sharply reduced foreign investment and consumers bought less foreign goods, debt repayment became even more difficult. As European conditions worsened, demand for American exports fell drastically. Finally, when the Hawley-Smoot Tariff of 1930 raised rates to an all time high, foreign governments retaliated by imposing their own trade restrictions, further limiting the market for American goods especially agriculture products.
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<br>The United States was hit the hardest during this worldwide depression. From the height of the prosperity before the stock market crash in 1929 to the depths of the depression in 1932-1933, the U.S. gross national product was cut almost in half, declining from 103.1 billion dollars to 58 billion in 1932. Consumption expenditures dropped by 18 percent, construction fell by 78 percent, private investment plummeted by 88 percent, and farm income, already low, was more than cut in

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