Mental Disorders: The Role Of Suicide In The United States

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Suicide is “the act of causing one own’s death.” The ratio of attempts to completed suicides is 10 to 1. It crosses all cultural, age, gender, race, and socioeconomic groups. White males constitute the largest group of suicides (Gorman, L.M.). Native americans are also at a higher risk. “Research shows that the risk for suicide is associated with changes in the brain chemicals called neurotransmitters, including serotonin.”(Gorman, L. M ). People who have mental disorders have shown a decrease in serotonin.. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) has created the Suicidal Behavior Disorder (Gorman, L. M.). This is when a person who has initiated a behavior with the expectation that it would lead to the individual’s …show more content…
M.) Most individuals who try or commit suicide choose less invasive ways to end their lives such as poisoning or overdose from alcohol or prescription drugs. Men often choose more violent ways like using firearms and are more successful resulting in death (Home-AFSP). Some cultures believe that suicide is negative and others view suicide as an honor to their families like the World War II suicide bombers- the Kamikazes. Prevention is an important way to stop someone who wants to commit suicide. Limiting access to firearms can help tremendously because it is the most used method. Putting away poisons or putting them up in unknown locations. Since some mental illnesses are often undiagnosed and treated, mental disorders should be monitored and cared for. The number one way a person can prevent a suicide attempt is to report any suicidal ideations. If you think someone is considering suicide, always trust your instincts. Talk with the person about your concerns and listening is key. Ask direct questions to find out if they have any plans. The more detailed plan is at greater risk. You should not leave the person alone, swear to secrecy, act shocked or judgmental, and do not counsel them yourself (Suicide and suicidal prevention). Even if the person sounds like they are joking, it should be taken seriously. There are also many people in the community that can help. Telephone hotlines can be obtained from a telephone book, local mental health associations, community centers, and United Way chapters. You can also contact the clergy, any health professional, and law enforcement. People who are considering suicide often are undecided about choosing life or death. With compassionate help, they may choose to live

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