Cause And Development Of Clinical Psychology

1561 Words 6 Pages
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes is known to us today as Psychology, and the study of it dates back to the Ancient Greeks. However, the first laboratory dedicated to psychological research was not founded until 1879, by Wilhelm Wundt. Following the development of the lab, many areas of applied psychology appeared; My favorites being, Developmental and Clinical. In 1896, Lightner Witmer is generally considered to have founded Clinical Psychology, although other great psychologists contributed greatly to this particular study throughout the years. In the late 1800’s, G. Stanley Hall became to be known as the founder of Developmental Psychology, but his studies were not structured in a way that produced useful data. Like any …show more content…
Clinical, will help me better understand myself, while developmental will help me better understand my daughter. Clinical psychologists work with people who have relatively minor issues as well as those who have major disturbance issues which can sometimes require institutionalization. Patients who have issues with depression, anxiety, learning disabilities, eating disorders, and substance abuse can often get the treatment they are required by seeing a clinical psychologist. An assessment is done on each patient to pinpoint the specific issues the patients are encountering. A clinical psychologist not only seeks to understand the patient’s issue, but also the cause and effects of the issue. Once the issue is determined, clinical psychologists do one of two things, they treat the patients themselves or refer them to other healthcare professionals. Psychologists do not have the authority to prescribe patients with medications that are sometimes needed to treat their mental illness, and refer them to a psychiatrist who can. In many cases, some issues need to be treated by both a psychologist and a psychiatrist. The reason I find clinical psychology so interesting and important to me is because I suffer from …show more content…
Until about 2 months ago, I was a single mother, so being as educated as possible is very important to me. Developmental psychology is the study of how and why humans change over the course of their lives. Psychologists researching this area were originally concerned with infants and children, however, the field eventually expanded to include adolescence, adults, aging and the entire life span. Some types of experiments performed in this area are: cross-sectional, longitudinal and correlational. Cross-sectional experiments involve groups of different ages, for example, young adults and elderly patients. This type of research can be done relatively quickly because they can all be done at the same point in time. Longitudinal research involves studying the same group of individuals over an extended period of time. The benefit of this research is that is allows researchers to see changes that are made over time. Lastly, correlational is aimed at determining if certain variable changes can lead to change in another variable. An example of this would be: does early academic success, lead to better grades later on in life when the child is becoming a young adult. I too, am also curious in knowing that answer because I performed very well in Elementary and Middle school. I found the study of developmental psychology to be very useful in helping us to better understand human

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