Catullus Annotated Bibliography

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Annotated Bibliography

Primary Sources:
1. Catullus, Gaius Valerius. "Catullus." Catullus. Tibullus. Pervigilium Veneris. Trans. Francis Warre Cornish, J. P. Postgate, J. W. Mackail, and G. P. Goold. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard UP, 1988. 2-184. Loeb Classical Library. Web. 16 Feb. 2017.

This is a collection of Catullus poems including his love poetry to Lesbia, who is widely believed to be an elite woman named Clodia. Catullus’ poems tell of his affair with Lesbia including his epic love and romance to his terrible break up and eventual hatred of her. The beginning poems detail how he won her over and their courtship; later poems show the end of their relationship and how he deals with it. While I have not chosen exact poems yet, I want to analyze his poems to explore the sexual power elite women could hold and how that was seen in a positive light.

2. Cicero, Marcus Tullius. "Pro Caelio." Pro Caelio; De Provinciis Consularibus; Pro Balbo. Trans. R. Gardner. Cambridge (Massachusetts): Harvard UP, 2005. 397-522. Leob Classical Library. Web. 16 Feb. 2017.

This is speech given by Cicero in defense of Marcus Caelius Rufus. Part of the argument is focused on Clodia, Caelius’ former lover. She has accused him of trying to poison her, while Cicero portrays her as promiscuous and a drunkard. Being an
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It covers more than just sexual morality, but it highlights how Roman laws and customs dictated morality but political and social struggles lead to a warped version of the ideal. Stories of immorality are almost always to framed to serve multiple purposes, usually as a cautionary tale and to persuade public opinion, and, as in all patriarchal societies, women are judged much more harshly for their transgressions. This source provides a general sense of how the idea of immorality changed over time and was used to fit different agendas at the cost of the sexual power of

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