Cats Are Beautiful, Intelligent Pets And Friends Essay

1272 Words Oct 3rd, 2016 6 Pages
INTRODUCTION
Cats are beautiful, intelligent pets and friends. But they also have the potential to carry bacterial, fungal and worm infested diseases. These diseases can have harmful effects on humans and are particular dangerous to children because of their immature immune system. One such disease is Cat Scratch Disease. This disease is a bacterial infection that is associated with a scratch from infected kittens or cats. Many have argued that this disease does not necessarily have to result from a cat scratch.
CSD has worldwide distribution. In the United States there are an estimated 22,000 new cases of CSD per year. In the Netherlands the incidence of CSD was estimated to be 2000 cases per year. In Connecticut it was reported 3.7 cases of CSD per 100,000 persons (Biancardi, Ana & Curi, Andre, 2013). The causative agent is a highly pleomorphic, Gram-positive bacterium (Daye, McHenry & Roscelli, J., 1988).
Most cases of CSD in immunocompetent patients resolve spontaneously. But successful results have been obtained with erythromycin, doxycycline, gentamicin, quinolones and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and azithromycin (Ulug, M., 2015).

LITERATURE REVIEW
Cat Scratch Disease is an infectious disease caused primarily by the bacillus Bartonella hensela. Cats infected with Bartonella bacteria often have no signs of illness. They acquire the disease by means of flea bites, which spread the bacteria from other cats. When fleas subsequently feed on an infected cat, they…

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