Piaget's Cognitive Development Theory Case Study

Superior Essays
1) Using Piaget's Cognitive Development theory, why do 5-year-olds think like Miriam? Analyze Miriam's thought process as related to Cognitive Developmental concepts (30 pts). Piaget's cognitive theory states that, "Thoughts and expectations profoundly affect attitudes, beliefs, values, assumptions, and actions" (The Developing Person, pg. 47). In Piaget's theory, two to six-year-old's think symbolically, with language, yet children are very egocentric and can only perceive things from their own perspective. This means that children at this age cannot understand things from others point of view. In this example, Miriam does not understand death fully. Pepper, her dog, dying is most likely her first experience with death based on the way …show more content…
Once again, drawing from Piaget, how would this age group explain death to you? What have they cognitively mastered to explain it different from a 5-year-old? A 9-year-old would fall under the concrete operational period of Piaget's Cognitive Development theory. This means that children can now understand and apply logic, although their thinking is limited by direct experiences. By applying logic, children learn to grasp concepts of conservation, number, classification, and many other scientific ideas (The Developing Person, pg 49). Children in this stage finally begin to understand that there is no reversing death. This is different because, as Miriam demonstrated, at first she believed that Pepper would just wake up later that day. A 9-year-old would understand that Pepper cannot wake up after being put to sleep. This age group would draw from their own experiences to explain death to me. They might make death into a being who took someone's spirit away, like the grim reaper or something similar. They might also associate death with violence, instead of asking how they died, they might ask instead "who killed them?". Children at this age would also most likely be more concerned with how their lives will change because of this death. (Hospice) For example, a young girl might ask "who will go with me to the father-daughter dance now?" Children who are more mature at this age might even try to take over a late parents role in the family. A 9-year-old has cognitively mastered how to grasp concepts that they used to not understand completely and can now better explain what is happening around

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    The purpose of this paper is to use the habituation technique in young infants to evaluate one hypothesis derived from Piaget’s theory of cognitive development. I will compare 5-months olds in a task that involves possible and impossible outcomes. Piaget’s theory specifies the cognitive competencies of children of this age. 1a. In the sensorimotor stage, children from birth to age 2 familiarize themselves with the world through means of sensory interaction, such as hearing, looking, grasping and mouthing.…

    • 1443 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Child Interview Reflection

    • 1746 Words
    • 7 Pages

    During the interview the most challenging problem that I faced was getting Alicia to take me serious. What affected this was because of our relationship prior to the interview. In order to fix this and get the interview in progress, before we started I had to explain to her there will be no joking or playing during the interview, and then I followed with explaining to her the process of the interview and proceeded. While referring to the child interviewing guide I followed the steps it suggested, such as what kinds of questions to ask children based on his her age. By rearranging questions that are age appropriate for a 5 year it assures that the child will answer them to the best of his or her ability.…

    • 1746 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Montessori Method Essay

    • 894 Words
    • 4 Pages

    They are able to create mental pictures and manipulate images in their minds. Montessori math materials help children form these intellectual images to adapt to the concepts and skills. The child will repeat until they feel there is no need to repeat activities for the sake of repetition, because they have learnt it. The elementary child requires materials which offer repetition but with more change. As the Montessori preschool student moves closer and closer to having an abstraction way of learning, the need for the child to use the materials for a long time shortens.…

    • 894 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Children think differently than adults, and therefore develop their thoughts differently. According to the psychology book, cognitive development can be described as the study of how children acquire the ability to learn, think, reason, communicate, and remember. One can observe a great difference between a 3-year-old preschooler’s thinking pattern and a 9-year-old student’s thinking pattern. Each child has a different thinking ability which falls into a stage of Piaget’s theory of stages of development. According to Piaget’s theory of stages of development, the 3-year-old would be in the preoperational stage.…

    • 455 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    If a child is left alone to educate themselves on the lessons of life, they will begin to learn how to be their own guardian. If one 's parents have a high-demanding occupation or abandon them all together, children will learn how adulthood plays itself out. From paying bills, to knowing the difference between laundry detergent and fabric softener, all lessons will be self-taught. These are a special case of children, because although their outside may read twelve years old, their mentality registers as an average twenty-five year old. Although some see isolation as the worst thing a child can endure, many could argue that it is a blessing, due to the fact that it allows a child to become independent.“Child neglect is defined as a type of maltreatment related to the failure to provide needed, age-appropriate care.…

    • 1050 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    He acknowledges readiness and how important it is. A child should not be expected to learn something when they are just not old enough or mentally ready. He planned to spend 5 years studying children and ended up spending thirty years studying child psychology. He explained how different adults think while comparing them to children. He also explains how an infant grows into an individual that can critically think using reasoning and understanding.…

    • 947 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    We can simply pinpoint what stage five year old Billy is in by observing his actions and following his thought process. We can dissect his schemas and understand how individuals adapt to new information. Understanding schemas helps us communicate across regions and within society. Without Piaget’s contribution we might have still lived in a society in which we believe children can think like adults. These stages help us track development in all individuals around the world.…

    • 1533 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Finding techniques to calm down hyper-active children of various ages requires an understanding of Developmental Psychology. Starting with the 9 month old baby, things can get a bit complicated especially at this age where they haven’t developed communication skills yet. According to Jean Piaget, the child should have developed a schema at this age. Eric Erickson’s research also show that at this age the baby will try to sensor everything orally. Placing the baby in a play pen with some of his or her favorite toys especially those that are meant to chew on show keep the baby occupied and happy for the time being.…

    • 1325 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Miriam Beatriz Avelar Dr. Julie Shattuck EN 101 10 October 2016 Early Childhood Education When I started my school education in Kindergarten at the age of 5, it seemed as if my education had to fit a mold, where creativity was not part of the curriculum. It was as if learning, and how I learn was determined by a cookie cutter structure, my options at that time where non- existent, and not only for me but also for my parents. Education back then meant to learn by fear in that children were exposed to learn by punishment rather than reward. Our parents did what they could when it came to the way we learn, and what they could not do was just not done. Education was mechanical and robotic, no time to think.…

    • 1314 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Using personal experience, I can say that more than my mind and my anatomy, the things going on around me from 11-16 were paramount in developing who I am today. If there were empirical evidence for going in between elementary and middle school, and then middle school to high school, this study would be almost leak proof. The differences in the culture, just within a new school, are enough to throw the whole idea of self-worth and self-esteem for a curve. Organized sports are introduced at this age, older students are always around at this point in schooling, and girls are finally being cured of their horrible bout with cooties for all those years. Moreover, all the people you know, around your age, are going through the same thing, so you can’t act weird and not conform, that wouldn’t be “cool dude.” When I was in third grade the highest accolade you could receive was fastest kids on the playground, when I was in middle school it was about having a girlfriend even if that meant having her mom drop you off at the movie theater, and finally when I got into high school the story was who had what party and who slept with that girl.…

    • 783 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays