Case Study Of Tuberculosis

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Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the most lethal infectious disease among worldwide. This disease is known as white plague and as infected individuals for centuries. It was not until the mid 1800s that people discovered that the mode of transmission was spread from person to person, and not hereditary.1 During this time scientists found that TB was contagious and was caused by a specific bacterium. Although, treatment for TB would be introduced over 50 years later, and people who suffered with TB would usually die in their home. After drug therapy was established the rates of TB declined considerably. The reduced rates of TB only lasted until the 1980s where public health efforts did not have enough funding to manage TB programs.1 In 2013 the reported …show more content…
Some populations suffer with higher rates of MD-TB resistance and suboptimal treatment options.2 People who do not complete TB treatment can evolve and circulate strains that are MD-TB resistant. New case rates of MD-TB worldwide have not decreased from 3.5% in recent years.2 Of the individuals developing TB there is nearly 13% who are also HIV positive. These two determinants make TB the largest fatal infectious disease in the world. The global case fatality rate for TB was 23% and also exceeded 50% in various African countries who also had high HIV …show more content…
TB bacteria gets into the air by a person who has been exposed to the TB disease coughs, sneezes, or speaks. A person who has not been exposed to the TB disease then may breath in the TB bacteria and become infected as shown in (figure 1).1,5 Individuals may believe that infections could come by shaking a persons hand, sharing food or drink, or kissing, but these methods of exposure do not transmit TB bacteria.5 TB bacteria are called mycobacteria which can also cause other types of diseases. Most TB cases are caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis.1 TB is observed in more severity in developing countries who also encounter poverty affecting young adults during their productive years.3 TB is most common in the elderly, impoverished, malnourished, or immunocompromised

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