Case Study Of The Diagnosis Of Diabetes

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Hello, Matt I’m you’re nurse Tom. I can see that you look like you’re feeling a much better. I do have some news about the test results, and your doctor wanted me to explain them to you. You had a blood glucose or blood sugar of 500 mg/dL that is way over what it should be. However this is how the doctor made the diagnosis of diabetes. This is a chronic condition that is associated with abnormally high levels in blood sugar or glucose. Your pancreas produces insulin when there is an absence or insufficient production of insulin, or an inability of the body to use insulin this causes diabetes. Insulin is needed to convert glucose or sugar into energy. Now there are two types of diabetes type 1 which is also considered juvenile as its onset …show more content…
Type 1 can be both chronic and acute as its symptoms come on fast these symptoms may include: Increased thirst, frequent urination, extreme hunger, unintended weight loss, mood changes, irritability, fatigue, weakness, and blurred vision. A person can become very confused and this can cause irritability. Treatments are insulin injections or insulin pump, over the counter medications, dietary changes, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising. Blood sugar monitoring should also be regularly checked and be between 70-130 mg/dL before meals and not higher than 180 two hours after a meal. A pancreas transplant can also be done if recommended or necessary. Now the type of diabetes you have is type 2. This is where the pancreas makes insulin, but it may not make enough or your body resists the effects of insulin. This type has a later onset about 35 years and up but can also affect …show more content…
If someone has prediabetes 2 then it is sometimes possible to revers is affects. This is when blood sugar is high but not high enough to be considered diabetes. However, when diagnosed later in the disease and blood sugar is very high it is not reversible. The symptoms of type 2 come on slowly and are they are similar to type 1: Increased thirst, frequent urination, weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision and slow healing sores or wounds, frequent infections. The risk factors are, being overweight, inactivity, family history, race, age and prediabetes. It is diagnosed with random blood sugar test, fasting blood sugar test, glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test which test blood glucose over a period of time to show average level or oral glucose test. Once diagnosed you will need to get your levels checked in a facility at least four times a year this may include an A1C test. Treatments include dietary changes, exercise, blood sugar monitoring and possibly insulin or over the counter medication if not controlled with life style changes. With diabetes there are concerns of too high or too low blood sugar levels. When it’s too high the person can become hyperglycemic it can raise for many reason such as eating too much getting sick or not taking enough glucose

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