Case Study Of Erikson's Theory Of Psychosocial Development

1473 Words 6 Pages
Identifying Data:
Kayla is an eight-month old Caucasian baby who lives with her sixteen-year-old mother Sierra, grandmother and great-grandmother. Kayla and her family live in a Cincinnati, Ohio and her grandmother is the only one who works, while Kayla’s mother dropped out of school while pregnant, and refuses to seek employment. Sierra participates in Kayla’s care, but it is Kayla’s grandmother that is the primary stable care giver. While money is tight, Kayla does not appear to be malnourished, and it does not seem that overall, Kayla is a difficult baby. Kayla’s father, Kyle, Sierra’s on and off boyfriend, show no interest in Kayla, and becomes annoyed when Sierra need to feed or change Kayla. Sierra’s siblings are in contact with Kayla,
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64). According to Erik Erikson, Kayla is in the trust vs mistrust stage of psychosocial development. Right now at the age of 8 months she is dependent on others, to meet her needs. If these needs are met, then Kayla will develop trust and which is the foundation of a healthy personality (Polan & Taylor, 2015, 65). But if Kayla does not have consistent caregivers, or if her basic needs are not met she will develop mistrust. Her basic needs are at this age, is food, comfort, love (Polan & Taylor, 2015, 86). She supposed to be learning about trust, but because of the lack care, Kayla is starting to show that she does not trust her parents (Dunkel & Sefcek, 2009, p. 13). Kayla is in the is living in a bad situation, and might be the victim of child abuse. While Kayla is supposed to learn trust from her parents, they are in fact teaching her mistrust, and that leads to her mistrust others her future. Right now, Kayla is being set up to lead a life with a lack of intimacy that stems from the mistrust of her parents in these early developmental years. As Dunkel and Sefcek (2009) write, with “a basic sense of trust makes it more likely the individual will develop along a path that includes a sense of autonomy, industry, identity, intimacy, generativity, and integrity” (p. 14). This means that due to the neglect that Kayla is suffering now, she is ill equipped to deal with her developmental crisis and that leads to problems with intimacy. Later on in life, it is more difficult for Kayla have intimate and stable romantic relationships in the future (Dunkel & Sefcek, 2009, p.

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