Nursing Case Study Asthma

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Introduction
Asthma is a serious respiratory disease that is affecting an increasing number of people across the world. The disease is associated to the inflammation of bronchia which restrict the patient’s berating. Asthma is not curable but can be managed by the patient to live an almost normal life. Tammy is currently 17 years of age and is on the school cheer leading team. She has also been experiencing an increasing number of attacks in recent years clearly demonstrating Tammy and her parents lack the required information and knowledge linked to managing Asthma. Being a respiratory disease it is usually triggered by allergies to different elements found in the air the patient breaths in. It can also be triggered by other aspects such
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The effects on the lung come in the form of swelling of the airways inside the lung which restricts capacity leading to difficulty breathing (Vernon, Wiklund, Bell, Dale, & Chapman, 2012). The lung and body also attempts to reverse or limit the swelling by producing mucus inside the airways which further results in congestion which could lead to wheezing, chocking and coughing.
Asthma is not a treatable or curable medical condition but it can easily be managed by the patient if they take time to understand the medical condition and what triggers the attacks as well as the treatment and care required to reverse or reduce the airway swelling. There is a wide verity of medication and treatments which can be used to help reverse or relax and prevent the airways from swelling and each must be identified. While medication has been identified to be the most effective, come such as eucalyptus oil can also reduce or reverse irritation thus reducing the effects on the
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Common signs of an attack include heavy breathing, wheezing, congestion, runny nose, coughing and excessive production of mucus. The above sighs also require to be broken down in to three levels to determine the urgency of the attack ranging from mild, to moderate and finally sever attacks (Ho et al., 2007). Only through closely examining the respiratory condition will a patient be able to determine the catalysis and severity of an attack to determine the course of action and treatment required.
Asthma attacks, management and care is mainly placed in the hands of the patient thus Tammy required to be trained and educated regarding the Do’s and Don’ts linked to the medical condition so as to minimize her exposure to the risk of experiencing an attack. There are many factors linked to treatment of and care of asthma attacks but the individual must be able to take proper care linked to their own health so as to reduce the amount of exposure and effects on the health. Medication for all three levels of the attacks requires being carried at all time and clear instruction given to people around the patient regarding how to handle an attack in case it occurred. Failing to know how to handle the attacks could result in further worsening the problem since the patient will panic which increases the stress level and leads to further bronchial inflammation and blockage.

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