Case Study for Chf Essay

7174 Words Oct 21st, 2012 29 Pages

Submitted by:

Balamiento, Janine Mara

Beech, Maeci

Darang, Jonas

Diones, Lyndhon A.

Submitted to:

Ms. Rosemalyn T. Ronquillo


❖ Gather medical history findings which will help us to determine the cause of the client’s underlying medical condition. ❖ Illustrate and explore the Anatomy and Physiology of the affected body system. ❖ Explain the Pathophysiology of the disease to help determine its progression. ❖ Understand the importance of the different safety measures and to provide it during contact with the patient. ❖ Provide discharge planning and render health teachings to the client and significant others that will promote continuous self-care.
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❖ Additional signs indicating left ventricular failure include a laterally displaced apex beat (which occurs if the heart is enlarged) ❖ A gallop rhythm (additional heart sounds) may be heard as a marker of increased blood flow, or increased intra-cardiac pressure.

Right-sided failure

❖ Swelling under the skin (termed peripheral edema or anasarca) ❖ Foot and ankle swelling in people who are standing up ❖ Sacral edema in people who are predominantly lying down) ❖ Nocturia (frequent nighttime urination) ❖ Ascites (fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity causing swelling) ❖ Hepatomegaly (enlargement of the liver) ❖ Hepatojugular reflux
Population Attributable Risk score: 1. Ischemic heart disease 62% 2. Cigarette smoking 16% 3. Hypertension (high blood pressure)10% 4. Obesity 8% 5. Diabetes 3% 6. Valvular heart disease 2% (much higher in older populations)
Rarer causes of heart failure include: 1. Viral myocarditis(an infection of the heart muscle) 2. Infiltrations of the muscle such as amyloidosis 3. HIV cardiomyopathy 4. Connective tissue diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus 5. Abuse of drugs such as alcohol and cocaine 6. Pharmaceutical drugs such as chemotherapeutic agents
Non-Modifiable ❖ Age Your risk for heart disease increases as you get older. ❖ Gender Men are at higher risk for heart

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