Case Study: Asthma
Asthma is a typical disease that causes inflammation in the airways. It creates difficulty in breathing. According to the asthma foundation, individuals with asthma have sensitive airways in their lungs which reply back to triggers that causes asthma. This creates in difficulty for them to breath in air. In this essay, I will be talking about the asthma and the conditions around it and throughout this essay I will be discussing the case of a patient named Mr James Saunders, who is having asthma. In addition to it, I will describe the common assessment parameters related to this disease and the conditions relevant to it.
During the attack of asthma, narrowing of the airways occurs which provide obstruction to the flow of air in and …show more content…
On further investigation, he told that he had asthma since he was just a child, so at this point it can be predicted that may be he has a family history regarding asthma. Usually Mr Saunders encounter worse effects of asthma during early spring season especially in the windy days and according to this he might have got this disease through an allergy. For this some blood and skin tests can be done in order to get sure about the cause of his disease. He also experienced shortness of breath which is a pretty common symptom of asthma. Physically he appeared flushed and is speaking short sentences concludes that he has a breathing problem. His blood pressure is normal. His oxygen saturation rate (90%) is lower than the normal oxygen saturation rate, which is greater than or equal to 95%. On further assessment of his chest, the use of accessory muscles is observed and at last on auscultation, a hissing sound is observed when he takes the air in and out. Altogether these symptoms conclude that Mr Saunders is suffering from asthma. According to the pathophysiology of asthma, it can occur immediately after getting in contact with a trigger. Firstly, there is a deliverance of inflammatory moderator from epithelial cells, mast cells or macrophages which generates different inflammatory cells. Secondly, there is an adjustment of ANS (autonomic neural control) of airways tone and an epithelial integration originates and an upsurge in the responsiveness in the smooth muscles of the airways causes wheezing (Jane, D.,