Case Study 1.2: Health Care Decision Making

Case Study 1.2: Health Care Decision Making
Question # 1. Beneficence and Nonmaleficence
Codes of ethics have been an age-old component in the professional regulation of the conduct of healthcare providers, and specify an obligation to act with integrity in extreme circumstances. ' When patients seek medical care they are not entering an ordinary social relationship; they often feel vulnerable but need to expose and share intimate and important aspects of their lives. Ethical codes of conduct offer some tangible protection to both patients and doctors in these circumstances. (NCBI, 2015)
The principle and concept of Beneficence is to always to act for the benefit of patients. Goal is to act with kindness and be merciful and charitable in all actions. Seeking to promote the good and positive in others especially in the geriatric patient. The ethical theory of beneficence should include all practices of action intentionally implemented to assist or support the good of other individuals. An example of an act of beneficence is ensuring ADLs are completed for the geriatric client. As a home health nurse, stopping at a grocery store to purchase items
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Capacity is defined as an individual 's ability to make an informed decision. Any licensed physician may Capacity can be determined by physicians and healthcare providers. Any client who is not capable of making an informed decision regarding their care, or are unable to sign consent for treatment will need the appointment of a guardian to make all his healthcare decisions.
In contrast, Competence is regarded as a legal state and not a medical. Competence is in relation to a client’s mental functioning and orientation to situations. The ability of a client to make informed decisions regarding any issue is an act of competence. Competence is determined by the court

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