In the early nineteenth century, animal experiments emerged as an important method of science and marked the birth of experimental physiology and neuroscience as we know it today. It has since become an issue of intense public controversy. Many individuals against animal experimentation claim that animals undoubtedly merit the same amount of consideration and respect as humans and should be treated on the basis of the principles of equality. However, there is significant evidence to suggest that there are some circumstances where it is justifiable to use animals in experimentations. The following paper will briefly identify the animal rights proponents which assert that sentience is morally relevant and that animals and humans should be
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They not only consider the developmental stages of each and every animal they are testing; they must also consider the possibility and severity of any adverse and long terms effects, any measures that can be taken to avoid such effects, estimated number of animals to be used, humane transport arrangements and effects on local ecology of the species. Wider factors of costs to these animals include capture, confinement, transport, husbandry systems and general handling of animals. In order to respond to these costs considerations are taken in terms of thoughtful acclimatization, familiarization, socialization programs and housing and care systems that promote physical and mental health and stimulation (Animal Procedures Committee 231-239). All of these matters reflect extremely humane courses of action. It may even be plausible to say these professionals take more care in these animals than many other organizations do.
The ethics of animal research has been a fiercely contested moral issue for hundreds of years. However all of the responses to the costs outlined previously reflect these ethical issues and the enormous advancements we have made to provide humane arrangements for these animals. Animal care standards in labs are often better than shelters, pet stores and farms. Many would argue that animals merit being treated with the same amount of consideration and respect as humans and that this simply means that we take their interests into account. Let us