Case Analysis Of Paccar
For these customers, Paccar has developed such features as luxurious sleeper cabins, plush leather seats, and sleek exterior styling. Buyers can select from thousands of options to put their personal signature on these built-to-order trucks.
Customers pay Paccar a 10% premium, and the company has been profitable for 68 straight years and earned a long-run return on equity above 20%.
EXPLOIT CHANGES IN THE FORCES
With the advent of the Internet and digital distribution of music, unauthorized downloading created an illegal but potent substitute for record companies’ services. The record companies tried to develop …show more content…
It is important not to overstate the degree to which capital requirements alone deter entry.
If industry returns are attractive and are expected to remain so, and if capital markets are efﬁcient, investors will provide entrants with the funds they need. For aspiring air carriers, for instance, ﬁnancing is available to purchase expensive aircraft because of their high resale value, one reason why there have been numerous new airlines in almost every region.
5. Incumbency advantages independent of size. No matter what their size, incumbents may have cost or quality advantages not available to potential rivals. These advantages can stem from such sources as proprietary technology, preferential access to the best raw material sources, preemption of the most favorable geographic locations, established brand identities, or cumulative experience that has allowed incumbents to learn how to produce more efﬁciently. Entrants try to bypass such advantages.
Upstart discounters such as Target and Wal-
The Five Competitive Forces That Shape Strategy
Mart, for example, have located stores in freestanding sites rather than regional shopping centers where established department