Caribbean Economy and Slavery: the West African Coast Was the Source of the Caribbean’s Labour from the 1500s to the 1800s Much to the Detriment of Africa’s Development and Progress. Justify This Statement Outlining

1899 Words Nov 15th, 2011 8 Pages
Section A
Theme 2 – Caribbean Economy and Slavery

The West African Coast was the source of the Caribbean’s labour from the 1500s to the 1800s much to the detriment of Africa’s Development and Progress.
Justify this statement outlining and assessing the way(s) in which the slave trade impacted West African societies. (35 marks) Slavery is commonly defined as “the condition in which one human being owns another”. A slave is consequently considered the property of that person and is thus deprived of rights which are commonly held by free persons.[1] Slavery has existed on almost all continents throughout recorded history. The Chinese and Egyptians were some of the earliest known examples of institutionalized slavery, as were the
…show more content…
It is arguable that this by itself would mean little on a larger scale. If it happened in quick succession from area to area before the population could be replenished, communities would be depleted. In addition, each small population decline would eventually create a tipping point from which it would be difficult to recover. In the longer-term, however, there was a far greater effect. Although Europeans orchestrated the raids on African settlements, it was Africans who carried out the raids. European traders lacked the military power to command raiding excursions, and could more cheaply buy captives at the coast, particularly since they either suffered military defeat or succumbed to disease upon entering Africa’s interior. European activity was generally limited to their trading posts along the coast. African rulers provided captives, and specialist African or Afro-European slave dealers transferred captured Africans to the coast for sale.[13] Though probably neither Europeans nor African raiders realized it at the time, this was a more subtle, insidious way in which Africa was damaged, as it caused the self-brutalization of Africans. In the early period of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade, research suggests that many Africans, who became enslaved in the New World, were captured during local wars. For example, the Mane overtook the highlands of Sierra Leone and sold the locals captured to Europeans along the coast during the early to

Related Documents