Cardiovascular Response Essay

792 Words 4 Pages
The automatic response of the body is to increase cardiovascular output when activity rate increases; in order to raise oxygen levels in the blood for cell respiration. However, this response is varied depending on the type of activity being undertaken by muscles. A higher intensity exercise such as running causes a larger cardiovascular response however in the increase in mean arterial pressure is small. Whereas a lower intensity exercise causes a low cardiovascular response but the increase in mean arterial pressure is much larger. As the intensity of dynamic exercise is proportional to the increase in cardiac output and oxygen consumption, whereas the intensity of static exercise is proportional to the increase in mean arterial pressure …show more content…
Prior to the study, the experimental procedures were explained to participants and written informed consent, as well as verbal consent was obtained before beginning the study. In addition to this, the height and weight of the subjects was taken using a harpenden stadiometer (Holtain Ltd) and XX scales (BC-543, Tanita. As well as the circumference of the dominant forearm, at the belly of the muscle using a tape measure and an automatic sphygmomanometer (Medicus) placed around the non dominant arm to obtain their resting blood pressure and heart rate. All subjects undertook a familarisation test whilst in the sitting position with their palms facing downwards and their dominant arm at 45 degrees. One repetition using a hand grip strength dynamometer (T.K.K5001 Grip-A, Takei scientific instruments) which was held for two seconds, followed by a twenty second rest period. Subjects were limited to one familarisation test during the pre trial and maximal voluntary contraction was recorded. All participants were randomized as to whether the control or occlusion test was performed first. The same procedures were used for both the occlusion test and the control test, however the control test required no occlusion of the upper arm during the exercise period. Whereas, during the occlusion test participants required occlusion for the exercise

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