Cardiovascular Disease Essay

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Cardiovascular Disease: The Forms, The Risks, and The Prevention The heart is an amazing and essential organ to the human body. It pumps blood in and out, through a complex system consisting of arteries, venioles, and veins. This system is known as the cardiovascular system. The heart delivers blood to the organs and tissues in the body. Without a heart, basic biology tells us, we die. The heart we are born with is the heart that we must take care of, if we want to live a long life. One area of danger that threatens the heart is heart disease, otherwise known as cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular disease is a chronic disease that must certainly not be taken lightly. The term, “cardiovascular disease” refers to several problems dealing …show more content…
That’s about two-thousand gallons of blood per day (Arkansas Heart Hospital, Amazing-heart-facts). The heart pumps oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the rest of the body (WebMD.com). If this relationship is compromised or harmed in any way, the results could be devastating. Arteriosclerosis is one of the most common diseases of the heart that involves the arteries. Essentially, arteriosclerosis hardens the arteries. This issue can lead to atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, angina and heart attacks. Atherosclerosis is the result of “build-up of fatty deposits”, known as atherosclerotic plaque (Boe 159). When the build-up gets too thick and heavy, the arteries harden and start to close, thus resulting in arteriosclerosis, restricting normal blood flow to the heart. If left untreated, arteriosclerosis can lead to coronary heart disease, which is the reduction of blood flow in the body. This cuts off any blood supply from the heart to other parts of the body (New York State, Cardiovascular Disease). Unfortunately, a person cannot know for certain if they have arteriosclerosis unless they are displaying symptoms. Any cutoff or restriction from blood can result in severe symptoms. One symptom is known as “angina”, or chest pains. Angina is the result of the heart wanting oxygen-carrying blood but cannot obtain it. The feeling of pain is most commonly felt when an individual is experiencing stress or during …show more content…
By exercising, people can greatly reduce a person’s risk for cardiovascular disease. Lack of physical activity or being sedentary can seriously do damage in a person’s arteries and heart. Cholesterol levels can negatively influence arteries through clotting through atherosclerotic plaque. Exercise is one of the best ways to reduce a person’s risk and does not have to be extreme or, surprisingly, time-consuming. According to the New York State Healthy Heart Program, exercising for at least thirty minutes a day for five days (150 minutes per week) or being “vigorously active for 75 minutes per week” can benefit a person’s heart in the long-term effects. Any type of exercise, such as swimming, biking and walking can greatly reduce your risk and lowers cholesterol levels and burns calories that a person has stored up in their bodies that could be potentially deadly if that person was sedentary. There are other reasons to exercise as well, such as lowering stress levels that lead high blood pressure. (American Heart

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