Essay on Cardiovascular Disease ( Cvd )

855 Words May 18th, 2016 4 Pages
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death and serious illness in the United States (“History of the Framingham Heart Study”, 2016). In 1948, the Framingham Heart Study - under the direction of the National Heart Institute (now known as the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute or NHLBI) - embarked on an ambitious project in health research (“History of the Framingham Heart Study”, 2016). At the time, little was known about the general causes of heart disease and stroke, but the death rates for CVD had been increasing steadily since the beginning of the century and had become an American epidemic (“History of the Framingham Heart Study”, 2016). The Framingham Heart Study became a joint project of the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute and Boston University (“History of the Framingham Heart Study”, 2016). Cardiovascular diseases, especially heart disease and stroke, are the main cause of mortality in Europe (Maksimović, M. Ž., Vlajinac, H. D., Radak, Đ. J., Maksimović, J. M., Marinković, J. M., & Jorga, J. B., 2008). They cause over 4.3 million deaths each year, which is nearly half (48%) of the total number of deaths (Maksimović, M. Ž., Vlajinac, H. D., Radak, Đ. J., Maksimović, J. M., Marinković, J. M., & Jorga, J. B., 2008). The death rates of heart disease and stroke have been found generally higher in Central and Eastern Europe than in Northern, Southern, and Western Europe (Maksimović, M. Ž., Vlajinac, H. D., Radak, Đ. J.,…

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