Cardiovascular Disease And The Heart Disease Essay

1258 Words Nov 21st, 2015 6 Pages
Many would be shocked to learn that the number one cause of death spanning the entire planet is not cancer nor accidents. According to the American Heart Association, 17.3 million deaths per year are a result of cardiovascular diseases which equates to about 1 incident every 40 seconds (Mozaffarian, 2014). Certain lifestyle factors are common causes among the various types of these diseases. One controllable factor in particular includes the rise of sedentary lifestyles and physical inactivity. The most common cardiovascular diseases include coronary heart disease, hypertension, stroke, and heart failure while other forms range from peripheral vascular disease, valvular disease, rheumatic heart disease and congenital heart disease. As Tamparo and Lewis (2011) write, the most common form of cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, or CHD, has been declared “the single leading cause of death in America” (p. 323). The coronary arteries are significant as it’s their job to supply oxygenated blood to the heart muscle. If the muscle was to receive less oxygenated blood flow, cells would begin to die. Atherosclerosis decreases blood flow when a fatty, plaque substance accumulates in the lumen of arteries and causes them to narrow. Although this sounds like an age related condition, an article by Kannel and Dawber states that “the pathological conditions that lead to atherosclerosis begin in infancy and progress during childhood” (cited in Rolfes, Pinna, Whitney, 2012, p.…

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