Cardiomyopathy : A Disease Of The Heart Muscle Essay

787 Words Sep 2nd, 2015 4 Pages
Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle. In cardiomyopathy, the heart muscle becomes enlarged and rigid. As this disease worsens, the heart becomes weaker and is less able to pump enough of blood for the body. Cardiomyopathy can be inherited from your parents or close relatives, due to a change in some of the genes in heart muscle proteins. It can also be acquired over time as a result of smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure or some other disease or condition. Cardiomyopathy can lead to heart failure, sudden cardiac arrest, and arrhythmias. There are four main types of cardiomyopathy.

The first type of cardiomyopathy is Dilated Cardiomyopathy and it is the most common. Dilated Cardiomyopathy affects adults between the ages of 20 and 60 years and is more likely to occur in men than in women. It starts in the left ventricle, when the heart muscle begins to dilate and doesn’t contract normally. When this happens, it then may spread to the right ventricle and atria, causing the heart to become weak and fail.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the second type and can affect people of any age. It occurs when the walls of the ventricles thicken. If thickening blocks blood flow out of the ventricle, it’s called obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and if thickening does not block the blood flow out of the ventricle, its called non-obstructive hypertonic cardiomyopathy. Sometimes Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may affect the hearts mitral valve and cause blood to leak…

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