Capitalist Society By Emile Durkheim

1536 Words 7 Pages
Capitalist society is defined as “an economic system in which resources and the means of producing goods and services are privately owned.” (p449)

During the past several years our economy has continuously changed, from the agricultural revolution to the post-industrial society. By the middle of the eighteenth century, the development of industrialization brought about five notable changes to the economies of Western societies. (p449) These included new forms of energy, the centralisation of work in factories, manufacturing and mass production, Wage Labour and most importantly Division of labour and specialization. Firstly, the new forms of energy meant that people no longer had to use their muscles or animals to power most machinery as James Watt pioneered the development of the steam engine in 1763 . Secondly the centralisation of work in factories, which meant that the work place became a public sphere and separate from the home. The development of the industrial revolution also turned most traditional jobs into manufacturing. Furthermore as society became more industrial,
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He believed that society influences individuals through norms, social facts and social currents. These emerge from human action, but affect the individual separately. This is what is known as the Structuralist approach. Durkheim also distinguished between structure and function and put forward the idea that society was like an organism. This meant that he saw society as a human body since each institution must work together to allow society to function as a whole, just as the human body must work together to allow us to function daily. This idea meant that if one institution such as, education broke down the economy will also break down. This is known as the organic solidarity theory. Thus in order for society to function properly, everyone will need to cooperate and form a moral

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