Capital Punishment History

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Capital Punishment or death penalty is a government sanction punishment by death. Through Capital Punishment has been used since when Britain first settle in the colonies in early 1600s, Capital Punishment had been a controversial topic. While some thinks Capital Punishment serve as an unusual and cruel punishment that violate the 8th amendment, other thinks Capital Punishment is extremely effective because the harsh punishment can prevent future crime.
The history Capital punishment in the US all started when the British settlement came to the new world and brought their influence of the death penalty to the Jamestown colonies in the 1600s. Other colonies also started the death penalty. However in the mid 1700s, some colonies start to revise
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While some state are trying to limit the use of Capital punishment, In most southern state, they held on to the usual capital punishment with some state make more crime a capital punishment mostly against the slaves. During and after the civil war, the opposition of the death penalty start to decline, and in 1888, New york introduce the electric chair as a method to execute criminals. And in 1922, Nevada use cyanide gas to execute criminals seeing it might be a more humane way of execution. During the 1920s to 1940s, The use of Capital Punishment increase dramatically with an average of 167 execution per year in the 1930s. The most out of any decade throughout American History. However after 1940s, execution was dropped dramatically through a long period of time. In fact, there were 715 execution in the 1950s compare to 1289 execution in the 1940s. And there were only just 191 execution between 1960 to 1974. In 1966 support for capital punishment reach an all time low of just 42% and in 1972 the death penalty was eventually abolish all together after the landmark court case ruling of Furman v. Georgia after the court ruled Capital punishment was unconstitutional. In 1976, the death penalty was reinstated …show more content…
In 2014 Kirk Bloodsworth was the first person to be release from death row due to DNA test. Bloodsworth have been wrongly accused of murdering a 9 year old girl. And 5 witness mistaken him as the killer after the jury took less than 3 hour to decide his verdict. In April 29th 2014, Oklahoma executed Clayton Lockett with lethal injection procedure that went poorly. The lethal injection did not put him to unconscious and Lockett did not die after 40 minute of the injection was put into his body. After the execution, Charles Warner and 20 other death row inmates sued state officials and argued Midazolam the drug to use for lethal injection violate the Eighth Amendment. The Supreme Court orginally denied to hear the case and Charles Warner was executed, However Richard E. Glossip and two other death row inmates petitioned the court again, and this time The Supreme Court granted the petiton. The Court eventually made a 5-4 decision in favor of gross. As Justice Samuel A.Alito made the opinion of the 5-4 majority saying that there was insufficient evidence that the drug midazolam entailed a risk of severe pain, and the Eighth Amendment does not require a constitutional execution to be free of any risk of pain. The Pope also have recently done a Catholic Movement against Capital Punishment. Pope Francis wants politicians to have find a way to abolition the death peanlty. One of the thing Pope says is “I propose

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