California 's Marijuana Policy From Two Different Approaches : Punctuated Equilibrium Model And The Pluralist Theory

1859 Words Dec 7th, 2016 8 Pages
The policy process is not seamless and every issue does not make it to implementation. This paper will analyze California’s marijuana policy from two different approaches: punctuated equilibrium model and the pluralist theory.
Figure 1.1 History of the marijuana policy In 1913, the state of California set precedence in the United States for Marijuana policy. California made an addendum to The Poison Act of 1907 adding marijuana to the list of drugs that are illegal to consume without a prescription. This was the first step towards prohibition of marijuana in the United States. In 1937, the federal government followed suit by enacting The Marijuana Tax Act prohibiting the sell or use of marijuana by individuals (Merino, 2009). In 1970, the United States congress passed the Controlled Substance Act, making marijuana a schedule I drug. According to the Drug Enforcement Agency, marijuana “Schedule I drugs, substances, or chemicals are defined as drugs with no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse” (www.dea.gov). The debate to legalize marijuana on a federal level and or decrease the schedule on the DEA lists remains ongoing. President Nixon declared a “War on Drugs” in 1971 which included all schedule I drugs. Although the “War on Drugs” was occurring, several states decriminalized the personal use of marijuana. California passed senate bill 95 in 1975, dropping the charges for possession of smaller amounts of…

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