C210 Point Paper Cacausus Region

1204 Words Apr 14th, 2015 5 Pages
CONGRESSIONAL BACKGROUND PAPER
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ECJ5 APPROVED BY: ____________ MAJ Andrecht, Jay - 2015/03/09

STRATEGIC ESTIMATE OF THE CAUCASUS REGION

• US Domestic Considerations are the oil pipeline through the Southern Caucasus Region and the Black Sea for trade access.
• Non-US/Multinational Policy Goals, include NATO expansion in size and influence. Relations with Russia. Creation of an independent Kurdish nation.
• Iran’s objectives to reconstitute former borders, control the oil pipeline from Caspian Sea and U.S. presence gone from Caucasus region. Iran interests include abandoning nuclear programs.
• Iran lost control of
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Ahurastan openly supports this insurgency providing funding, equipment and training to the SAPA in order to conduct attacks against the Azerbaijani army and destabilize the region. b. The Free Karabakh Movement (FKM) has interfered with Azerbaijani police efforts to maintain order in the region and is a growing problem. In November 2019 the FKM who is funded by GOAZ attacked an Armenian Nuclear Power station at Metsamor, 20 kilometer south of Yerevan. c. The Caspian Sea is bordered by five states and remains a source of tension in Caucasus region. More than 15 rounds of negotiations have failed to reach an agreement by all parties. Azerbaijan, Ahurastan, and Iran all independently claim the Araz-Alov-Sharg oil field in the Caspian Sea. d. Russia has enforced a naval blockade of all maritime traffic since October 2017. North of 42 degrees north latitude in the Caspian Sea, while expanding oil exploration there. Russian and Kazakhstan assert their claims over the territorial sea area.
2. CURRENT STATUS. Azerbaijan’s rail system from Georgia to Baku has been upgraded by U.S. Army Reserve engineer units. Additional U.S. lead efforts have been in place to assist in the over-haul and improvement of road and water distribution networks along the Kura River valley as well as efforts to pave and enlarge several regional airfields. a. Ahurastan seceded from Iran in 2018-2019 and claims rights to the oil reserves in the

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