Bullying: The Causes And Effects Of Cyber Bulling

1242 Words 5 Pages
Bulling can be a repeated incident or a single incident that occurs when the victim believes the perpetrator has more power over them. This can lead to emotional intimidating by the perpetrator. Bullying is defined as a subtype of aggression that involves repeated exposure to negative actions with the intent to cause harm or discomfort and an imbalance of power (e.g., physical, social, cognitive) between the bully and victim (Olweus, 1990, 1993) cited in (Hong, J., Michael, K., & Sterzing, P, 2014.).The person that is causing the bullying intimidates the victim, increasing fear and anxiety, which makes the victim feel powerless, and lack the ability to stop and/or report the bullying. Children that are bullied experience mental health problems …show more content…
Bullying is defined as direct-physical, assaults, direct-verbal threats, insults, or nicknames. Indirect-relational, social exclusion and spreading nasty rumors, and the newest form of bullying; cyber bulling which involves using social media websites such as, Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram to use power and intimidation to make someone feel powerless and defeated. Another, form of social media that can be detrimental to adolescence is chat rooms. (Luxton, D., June, J., & Fairall, J., 2012) found another platform that influences vulnerable adolescence is chat rooms. These chat rooms often influence adolescence to die by suicide. This can also be where adolescence commits to suicide pacts. These pacts are where children form pacts with other children to end their own life, and it is often encouraged through forms of social media. The use of social media can be detrimental, because the perpetrator has access unlimited access to the victim. According to (Kolmek, A., Sourander, A., & Gould, M., 2010) cyberbullying is unique to other more traditional forms of bullying because of the perpetrator 's anonymity and ability to harass their victim twenty four hours a day. Extreme cases of cyberbullying have led to adolescent suicide. (Luxton, D., June, J., & Fairall, J., 2012) found that victims of cyberbullying are …show more content…
Also, children that were bullied when they were in elementary school were reported to have significant psychological problems by the age of fifteen years old. Due to the abuse inflicted by bullying, children’s genetic and mental growth can have a significant impact. (Hong, J. Karl, M. & Sterzing, P., 2014) verified that children that are bullied at younger ages are at a heightened risk for anxiety, loneliness, hopelessness, and low self-esteem, and some children that are bullied turn to substance abuse. (Hong, J., Karl, M., Sterzing, P., 2014) find that children that are bullied during childhood and adulthood are at an increased risk for anxiety, distress, and social anxiety. Children that are bullied throughout childhood and adolescence and feel that school is an unsafe place often develop somatic systems, truancy, regression in school, and eventually drop out. When children are afraid to go to school they make up excuses not to go to school which in turn leads to truancy, and a lack of educational gains. Bullying can have serious and long-term consequences for the bully, the victim, and the school community (Whitted, K. & Dupper, D., 2005). When children lack attending school, they cannot progress cognitively. Children then fall behind in school, become frustrated, and eventually drop out. The probability of children that are truant, and have bullying issues and delinquency

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