Essay on Building Best Practice in Human Resource Management
Human Resource Management was developed due to two important factors in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, these are known as; 1. The Welfare Tradition 2. Scientific Management
The Welfare Tradition:
The Welfare Tradition first began in a number of big companies in England in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It was developed because the working environment for employees was poor, employees had very few benefits. The Welfare Tradition, (which can be otherwise identified as industrial welfare), is a serious of voluntary decisions, not compulsory decisions, adopted by certain companies to help upgrade the surroundings, the environment and the situation for factory workers, at work and at home. “(E.g. Health and safety, housing, education, pay and working hours)” (Human Resource Management in Ireland-Gunnigle, Heraty, and Morley, 2011 pg. 2)
Scientific Management was a very important influence factor on the development of Human resource management, which also became known as ‘Taylorism’.
“In the USA, F. W. Taylor led the way by pointing to the efficiency and profitability benefits to be gained through greater standardization of work systems and methods.” (Human Resource Management in Ireland-Gunnigle,